EU enlargement and the effectiveness of conditionality: keeping to the deal?

EU enlargement and the effectiveness of conditionality: keeping to the deal? Purpose – Accession to the European Union is one of the most powerful foreign policy tools exercised within the European arena and enlargement negotiations have been a major stimulus to reform in Central and Eastern Europe. Conditionality has evolved as over time into a dynamic instrument used to ensure that new members are sufficiently prepared to take on the responsibilities of EU membership, whilst also satisfying existing member states that new members will not prove too burdensome. This paper aims to examine some of the lessons learnt from the first stage of the Fifth Enlargement and the stricter use of conditionality mechanisms for Romania, Bulgaria and beyond. Design/methodology/approach – The article is based on interviews with EU officials involved in the enlargement process. Findings – The article finds that the use of conditionality in the 2004 enlargement has had a far from uniform effect on candidates and policy areas and that the commission has learnt much from this experience. The integration of Bulgaria and Romania will offer more significant challenges and conditionality has evolved as a mechanism to address these. Originality/value – The article offersboth an empirical as well as theoretical evaluation of the use of conditionality in the context of the EU enlargement process. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Managerial Law Emerald Publishing

EU enlargement and the effectiveness of conditionality: keeping to the deal?

Managerial Law, Volume 48 (4): 15 – Jul 1, 2006

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0309-0558
DOI
10.1108/03090550610681196
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – Accession to the European Union is one of the most powerful foreign policy tools exercised within the European arena and enlargement negotiations have been a major stimulus to reform in Central and Eastern Europe. Conditionality has evolved as over time into a dynamic instrument used to ensure that new members are sufficiently prepared to take on the responsibilities of EU membership, whilst also satisfying existing member states that new members will not prove too burdensome. This paper aims to examine some of the lessons learnt from the first stage of the Fifth Enlargement and the stricter use of conditionality mechanisms for Romania, Bulgaria and beyond. Design/methodology/approach – The article is based on interviews with EU officials involved in the enlargement process. Findings – The article finds that the use of conditionality in the 2004 enlargement has had a far from uniform effect on candidates and policy areas and that the commission has learnt much from this experience. The integration of Bulgaria and Romania will offer more significant challenges and conditionality has evolved as a mechanism to address these. Originality/value – The article offersboth an empirical as well as theoretical evaluation of the use of conditionality in the context of the EU enlargement process.

Journal

Managerial LawEmerald Publishing

Published: Jul 1, 2006

Keywords: European Union; Romania; Bulgaria; Size enlargement; Foreign relations

References

  • Europeanization of Domestic Politics and Institutions: The Case of France
    Ladrech, R.

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