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Environmental demands and resources: a framework for understanding the physical environment for work

Environmental demands and resources: a framework for understanding the physical environment for work The purpose of this paper is to explore the extent to which Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) theory (Demerouti et al., 2001; Bakker and Demerouti, 2017) is an appropriate conceptual framework for understanding the physical environment for work.Design/methodology/approachA conceptual analysis of the multidisciplinary workplace literature was performed to assess the core propositions of JD-R theory as they relate to the workplace environment.FindingsThe analysis confirms that the workplace environment can be viewed as a composite of environmental demands (which instigate a health impairment process) and environmental resources (which trigger an engagement process). Employees proactively try to improve the suitability of their workspace through environmental crafting, motivated by minimising demands and maximising resources.Originality/valueThe application of JD-R theory to the workplace environment fills a gap in the literature for a framework which captures the dynamic nature of the employee-workplace relationship. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Facilities Emerald Publishing

Environmental demands and resources: a framework for understanding the physical environment for work

Facilities , Volume 39 (9/10): 15 – Jun 2, 2021

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
0263-2772
DOI
10.1108/f-07-2020-0090
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to explore the extent to which Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) theory (Demerouti et al., 2001; Bakker and Demerouti, 2017) is an appropriate conceptual framework for understanding the physical environment for work.Design/methodology/approachA conceptual analysis of the multidisciplinary workplace literature was performed to assess the core propositions of JD-R theory as they relate to the workplace environment.FindingsThe analysis confirms that the workplace environment can be viewed as a composite of environmental demands (which instigate a health impairment process) and environmental resources (which trigger an engagement process). Employees proactively try to improve the suitability of their workspace through environmental crafting, motivated by minimising demands and maximising resources.Originality/valueThe application of JD-R theory to the workplace environment fills a gap in the literature for a framework which captures the dynamic nature of the employee-workplace relationship.

Journal

FacilitiesEmerald Publishing

Published: Jun 2, 2021

Keywords: Workplace; Theory; Health; Productivity; Environmental psychology; Workplace psychology

References