This study examines the critical impact of human resource factors on the competitive advantage of supply chain management (SCM) practices. The human resource management (HRM) literature suggests that there are effects of HRM factors on SCM success, but neglects the relative importance among various factors regarding organizational performance. Survey responses from executives in 358 of the largest US manufacturing and service corporations are analyzed to test the relationships among selected HRM factors and SCM practice success. The results suggest an interactive role of managerial and employee support to enhance the effectiveness of employee training and to mitigate the adverse effect of implementation barriers on the success of SCM practices. The corresponding implications for managerial practice are also discussed in terms of the use of HRM program implementation to create a sustainable competitive advantage even when competitors adopt similar SCM “best practices”.
Journal of Management Development – Emerald Publishing
Published: Feb 1, 2003
Keywords: Supply‐chain management; Training; Best practice; Competitive advantage
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