Purpose – The purpose of this study was to investigate the corrosion of rusted carbon steel in dilute NaCl solution, with the purpose of exploring the effect of the rust layer on metal corrosion and establishing a corrosion model for rusted iron. Design/methodology/approach – The corrosion behavior of rusted carbon steel in dilute NaCl solution was studied by means of weight‐loss determinations, scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectrometry and electrochemical techniques. Findings – The results indicated that carbon steel had a similar corrosion behavior in all three NaCl solutions. The iron rust, which consisted of a thin γ‐FeOOH layer and a thick Fe 3 O 4 layer, can facilitate the corrosion process of carbon steel via reduction of γ‐FeOOH and the large area cathode of Fe 3 O 4 . Hence, the corrosion rate of carbon steel was accelerated significantly and finally was determined by the limiting diffusion rate of oxygen. Originality/value – A corrosion model of rusted carbon steel was established, suggesting that iron rust formed in all slightly acidic waters with low alkalinity probably promotes the corrosion of carbon steel. Anti‐corrosion measures for iron in this type of solution, such as desalination water, should be aimed to reduce the promotional effect of the rust layer on metal corrosion.
Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials – Emerald Publishing
Published: Apr 29, 2014
Keywords: Carbon steel; Dilute NaCl solution; Rust layer; Corrosion behavior; Alkalinity
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