Efficiency drivers in the Brazilian trucking industry: a longitudinal study from 2002‐2010

Efficiency drivers in the Brazilian trucking industry: a longitudinal study from 2002‐2010 Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the issue of efficiency in the Brazilian motor carrier industry, which has undergone significant transformations since the economy deregulation in the mid‐1990s. The main research objective is to determine whether or not different types of cargoes and geographic regions serviced significantly impact trucking managerial efficiency levels. Design/methodology/approach – Research objectives are accomplished by applying a two‐stage data envelopment analysis model with bootstrapped estimates. Based on an unbalanced panel model, secondary data from the annual study published by Transporte Moderno (years 2002‐2010) were collected and analyzed. Findings – Results support anecdotal evidence regarding a heterogeneous impact of cargo mix and route mix on efficiency levels. Research limitations/implications – A major limitation of this work concerns the fact of working with secondary data instead of primary data, especially with respect to the set of inputs and outputs used in the analysis, which may not cover all aspects relevant to building an efficiency frontier. Despite this limitation, the study has made an important contribution in its use of panel data to demonstrate the impacts of different types of cargoes and geographic regions serviced on managerial efficiency levels in the trucking industry. Practical implications – Managerial impacts in terms of mergers and acquisitions are addressed. Originality/value – The contribution of this study is twofold. On the theoretical side, a valuable scale for the measurement of managerial efficiency was built and validated, representing an index toward the most productive cargo/route mix. On the other hand, the managerial implication of this possibility of measuring the efficiency levels is that motor carriers can use it as a basis for establishing future action plans. Keywords Brazil, DEA, Longitudinal study, Efficiency drivers, Trucking industry, Unbalanced panel Paper type Research paper http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management Emerald Publishing

Efficiency drivers in the Brazilian trucking industry: a longitudinal study from 2002‐2010

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0960-0035
DOI
10.1108/IJPDLM-05-2012-0163
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the issue of efficiency in the Brazilian motor carrier industry, which has undergone significant transformations since the economy deregulation in the mid‐1990s. The main research objective is to determine whether or not different types of cargoes and geographic regions serviced significantly impact trucking managerial efficiency levels. Design/methodology/approach – Research objectives are accomplished by applying a two‐stage data envelopment analysis model with bootstrapped estimates. Based on an unbalanced panel model, secondary data from the annual study published by Transporte Moderno (years 2002‐2010) were collected and analyzed. Findings – Results support anecdotal evidence regarding a heterogeneous impact of cargo mix and route mix on efficiency levels. Research limitations/implications – A major limitation of this work concerns the fact of working with secondary data instead of primary data, especially with respect to the set of inputs and outputs used in the analysis, which may not cover all aspects relevant to building an efficiency frontier. Despite this limitation, the study has made an important contribution in its use of panel data to demonstrate the impacts of different types of cargoes and geographic regions serviced on managerial efficiency levels in the trucking industry. Practical implications – Managerial impacts in terms of mergers and acquisitions are addressed. Originality/value – The contribution of this study is twofold. On the theoretical side, a valuable scale for the measurement of managerial efficiency was built and validated, representing an index toward the most productive cargo/route mix. On the other hand, the managerial implication of this possibility of measuring the efficiency levels is that motor carriers can use it as a basis for establishing future action plans. Keywords Brazil, DEA, Longitudinal study, Efficiency drivers, Trucking industry, Unbalanced panel Paper type Research paper

Journal

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics ManagementEmerald Publishing

Published: Jan 1, 2014

References

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