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Effect of organizational culture on employee commitment in the Indian IT services sourcing industry

Effect of organizational culture on employee commitment in the Indian IT services sourcing industry Purpose As clients of India's IT services providers continue to complain about knowledge loss caused by high attrition rates in their offshore delivery factories, the linkages between organizational culture and commitment of the Indian employee base are of interest to researchers as well as practitioners. This paper seeks to address these issues.Designmethodologyapproach Data was collected in the first half of 2012 through the ICCA appraisal framework from 291 Indian IT executives and managers working for two IT services sourcing provider organizations in Pune and Bangalore, India. To analyse the data, descriptive and inferential statistics were used together with multiple regression and confirmatory factor analysis.Findings Taken together, this research makes several contributions. First, the results of data analysis exhibit that, among the organizational culture dimensions, ingroup collectivism and performance orientation are the antecedents with the biggest effect on employee commitment. Other culture dimensions show varying degree of positive and negative influence on employee commitment. Second, this paper contributes to the crosscultural generalizability discussion of employee commitment. The data analysis unveils a stronger correlation between affective and normative commitment in the Indian context as compared to other North American studies. Third, it supports suggestions put forward in other research that continuance commitment should be split into the two subfactors calternative and csacrifice.Practical implications It is proposed that the Indian IT services sourcing industry should be adept at thinking about employee commitment from an organizational culture point of view.Originalityvalue The proposed model of this research posits and proves that employee commitment in an Indian IT services offshoring context is influenced by organizational culture. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Indian Business Research Emerald Publishing

Effect of organizational culture on employee commitment in the Indian IT services sourcing industry

Journal of Indian Business Research , Volume 5 (2): 25 – May 31, 2013

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
1755-4195
DOI
10.1108/17554191311320764
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose As clients of India's IT services providers continue to complain about knowledge loss caused by high attrition rates in their offshore delivery factories, the linkages between organizational culture and commitment of the Indian employee base are of interest to researchers as well as practitioners. This paper seeks to address these issues.Designmethodologyapproach Data was collected in the first half of 2012 through the ICCA appraisal framework from 291 Indian IT executives and managers working for two IT services sourcing provider organizations in Pune and Bangalore, India. To analyse the data, descriptive and inferential statistics were used together with multiple regression and confirmatory factor analysis.Findings Taken together, this research makes several contributions. First, the results of data analysis exhibit that, among the organizational culture dimensions, ingroup collectivism and performance orientation are the antecedents with the biggest effect on employee commitment. Other culture dimensions show varying degree of positive and negative influence on employee commitment. Second, this paper contributes to the crosscultural generalizability discussion of employee commitment. The data analysis unveils a stronger correlation between affective and normative commitment in the Indian context as compared to other North American studies. Third, it supports suggestions put forward in other research that continuance commitment should be split into the two subfactors calternative and csacrifice.Practical implications It is proposed that the Indian IT services sourcing industry should be adept at thinking about employee commitment from an organizational culture point of view.Originalityvalue The proposed model of this research posits and proves that employee commitment in an Indian IT services offshoring context is influenced by organizational culture.

Journal

Journal of Indian Business ResearchEmerald Publishing

Published: May 31, 2013

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