The educational restructuring movement began with the publicationof the now famous A Nation at Risk report, which providedconvincing evidence that the quality of American schools wasunacceptably low. Two waves of reform rolled across the country duringthe decade. The first emphasised topdown initiatives putin motion by State governors who identified educators as the problem.The solution was greater accountability, closer supervision, tighterregulation, better teacher screening, tougher graduation standards, anda longer school year. Quickly disenchanted with the insensitivity andinflexibility of the first wave, a second began later in the decadewhich emphasised that educators were the solution, not the problem. Thedecade ended with importance given to bottomup reforminitiatives emphasising deregulation, choice, schoolbased management,and schools within schools.
Journal of Educational Administration – Emerald Publishing
Published: Apr 1, 1991
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