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Economic validity analysis of housing reverse mortgages in China

Economic validity analysis of housing reverse mortgages in China The purpose of this paper is to empirically analyze the investment and pension functions of housing reverse mortgages (HRM) with redemption option and raise the participation initiative of the Chinese elderly for the HRM model and enhance their cognition of this financial product.Design/methodology/approachBased on the perspective of the financial decisions of the elderly, this study designs an analysis model of the economic validity of HRM, and takes Shanghai (a pilot city for HRM loans in China) as an example, using data from the Shanghai real-estate index and market interest rates from January 1998 to December 2018, as well as the contract data of HRM, for empirical analysis.FindingsThe results show that the HRM with redemption option has the characteristics of European call option and can obtain the value of implicit option from the perspective of the elderly. Considering the present value of the accumulated pension income, the present value of the redemption option and the present value of the final housing value, the elderly can obtain investment income from HRM with redemption option. Therefore, for Chinese seniors, the HRM with redemption option has economic validity.Research limitations/implicationsFrom the perspective of the demand of the elderly, participation in the HRM with redemption option can increase the life expectancy annuity for various pension expenditures and improve economic status while meeting the demand of inheritance motivation.Practical implicationsThis study helps to clarify the financial decision-making process for elderly people who participate in HRM. On the one hand, it helps policy makers to optimize the implementation mode of HRM and promote the healthy and rapid development of HRM; on the other hand, it is conducive to raising the awareness of Chinese elderly people on this financial products and enhancing their enthusiasm for participating in HRM.Originality/valueFew studies have directly analyzed the financial decision process of the HRM model from the perspective of the demand of the elderly. This study enriches the research viewpoint and method of HRM and accumulates data about the Chinese experience with HRM. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png China Finance Review International Emerald Publishing

Economic validity analysis of housing reverse mortgages in China

China Finance Review International , Volume 9 (4): 23 – Nov 1, 2019

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2044-1398
DOI
10.1108/cfri-07-2018-0111
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to empirically analyze the investment and pension functions of housing reverse mortgages (HRM) with redemption option and raise the participation initiative of the Chinese elderly for the HRM model and enhance their cognition of this financial product.Design/methodology/approachBased on the perspective of the financial decisions of the elderly, this study designs an analysis model of the economic validity of HRM, and takes Shanghai (a pilot city for HRM loans in China) as an example, using data from the Shanghai real-estate index and market interest rates from January 1998 to December 2018, as well as the contract data of HRM, for empirical analysis.FindingsThe results show that the HRM with redemption option has the characteristics of European call option and can obtain the value of implicit option from the perspective of the elderly. Considering the present value of the accumulated pension income, the present value of the redemption option and the present value of the final housing value, the elderly can obtain investment income from HRM with redemption option. Therefore, for Chinese seniors, the HRM with redemption option has economic validity.Research limitations/implicationsFrom the perspective of the demand of the elderly, participation in the HRM with redemption option can increase the life expectancy annuity for various pension expenditures and improve economic status while meeting the demand of inheritance motivation.Practical implicationsThis study helps to clarify the financial decision-making process for elderly people who participate in HRM. On the one hand, it helps policy makers to optimize the implementation mode of HRM and promote the healthy and rapid development of HRM; on the other hand, it is conducive to raising the awareness of Chinese elderly people on this financial products and enhancing their enthusiasm for participating in HRM.Originality/valueFew studies have directly analyzed the financial decision process of the HRM model from the perspective of the demand of the elderly. This study enriches the research viewpoint and method of HRM and accumulates data about the Chinese experience with HRM.

Journal

China Finance Review InternationalEmerald Publishing

Published: Nov 1, 2019

Keywords: Economic validity; European call option; Financial decision; House-for-pension scheme; Housing reverse mortgage; Redemption option; C58; G17; G21; H55

References