PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to investigate a novel axial flux-switching motor with sandwiched permanent magnet for direct drive electric vehicles (EVs), in which the torque density is increased and the cogging torque is decreased. For reducing the back-electromotive force (EMF) harmonics and cogging torque, a twisted structure is employed. To improve the dynamic performance of the axial field flux-switching sandwiched permanent magnet (AFFSSPM) motor a space vector modulation-direct torque and flux control scheme is proposed.Design/methodology/approachA multi-objective optimization is performed by means of artificial neural network and non-sorting genetic algorithm II to minimize the cogging torque while preserving the average torque.FindingsA comparative study between two proposed machines and the conventional flux-switching permanent magnet (FSPM) machine is accomplished and the static electromagnetic characteristics are analyzed. It is demonstrated that the proposed model with twisted structure has significantly improved performance over the conventional FSPM machine in back-EMF and efficiency. The proposed controller has a speed loop only and contains neither the current loop nor hysteresis control. The AFFSSPM motor exhibits excellent dynamic performance with this scheme.Originality valueThe axial flux-switching permanent-magnet machine is one of the most efficient machines but the AFFSSPM with sandwiched permanent magnet has not been specially reported to date. Thus in this paper, the authors report on optimal design of an axial flux-switching sandwiched permanent magnet machine for electric vehicles and investigate its dynamic performance.
COMPEL: Theinternational Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering – Emerald Publishing
Published: Jul 3, 2017
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