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Does economic freedom in host countries lead to increased foreign direct investment?

Does economic freedom in host countries lead to increased foreign direct investment? Purpose – This study aims to examine the effect of the various dimensions of economic freedom and political freedom in host countries on the foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows over a six-year period from 1995 to 2000 in 95 countries. Design/methodology/approach – The sample consists of 95 countries and relates to the time period from 1995 to 2000. The sample is of a longitudinal or panel nature. Findings – Results indicate that better economic management (monetary policy, fiscal burden and banking and finance), less government participation in the economy, less state intervention (strong property rights, less regulation, low prevalence of informal markets and less corruption), absence of wage and price controls and higher levels of political freedom lead to higher FDI inflows after controlling for FDI stock. Research limitations/implications – Most empirical studies using indices such as the Index of Economic freedom are subject to certain methodological limitations such as model selection, parameter heterogeneity and outliers and moral hazard. Practical implications – Empirical findings suggest that the role played by governments in national economies have significant influence over FDI decisions. Social implications – From a policy perspective, our results imply that to attract FDI, governments will need to improve the institutional environments of their countries. More specifically, improving the levels of economic and political freedoms can greatly facilitate the inflow of FDI. Originality/value – One of the main contributions of the present study to the international business literature is that it is one of the first that explicitly relates the ten components that constitute “economic freedom” to FDI. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Competitiveness Review Emerald Publishing

Does economic freedom in host countries lead to increased foreign direct investment?

Competitiveness Review , Volume 25 (1): 23 – Jan 19, 2015

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
1059-5422
DOI
10.1108/CR-05-2013-0047
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – This study aims to examine the effect of the various dimensions of economic freedom and political freedom in host countries on the foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows over a six-year period from 1995 to 2000 in 95 countries. Design/methodology/approach – The sample consists of 95 countries and relates to the time period from 1995 to 2000. The sample is of a longitudinal or panel nature. Findings – Results indicate that better economic management (monetary policy, fiscal burden and banking and finance), less government participation in the economy, less state intervention (strong property rights, less regulation, low prevalence of informal markets and less corruption), absence of wage and price controls and higher levels of political freedom lead to higher FDI inflows after controlling for FDI stock. Research limitations/implications – Most empirical studies using indices such as the Index of Economic freedom are subject to certain methodological limitations such as model selection, parameter heterogeneity and outliers and moral hazard. Practical implications – Empirical findings suggest that the role played by governments in national economies have significant influence over FDI decisions. Social implications – From a policy perspective, our results imply that to attract FDI, governments will need to improve the institutional environments of their countries. More specifically, improving the levels of economic and political freedoms can greatly facilitate the inflow of FDI. Originality/value – One of the main contributions of the present study to the international business literature is that it is one of the first that explicitly relates the ten components that constitute “economic freedom” to FDI.

Journal

Competitiveness ReviewEmerald Publishing

Published: Jan 19, 2015

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