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Does debt heterogeneity impact firm value? Evidence from an emerging context

Does debt heterogeneity impact firm value? Evidence from an emerging context The present paper attempts to explain the impact of debt diversification and various debt financing sources on firm value. The paper also aims to address the long-run causality of various factors affecting firm value.Design/methodology/approachThe study employs a dynamic panel data model for a sample of 233 listed firms from 2010 to 2019. Two-step generalized method of moments (GMM) is devised to study the impact of firm-specific factors on firm value.FindingsThe study establishes a negative impact of debt diversification on firm value. Further, the results also signal how the choice of debt instruments has a heterogeneous effect on firm value. Non-bank debt leads to a discount in firm value, while bank debt has no effect on firm value. The long-run determinants of firm value are debt ratio, tangibility and liquidity.Research limitations/implicationsThe findings of the study would aid the mangers in making informed decisions regarding the debt financing structure. Too much reliance on non-bank debt instruments leads to a negative impact on firm value. Therefore careful evaluation is necessary before accessing multiple debt sources.Originality/valueDebt heterogeneity is globally established; however, its presence in the Indian context has not been validated extensively. The study not only validates the existence of debt diversification but also investigates how individual debt instruments affect firm value that is yet to be examined in the Indian context. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png South Asian Journal of Business Studies Emerald Publishing

Does debt heterogeneity impact firm value? Evidence from an emerging context

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2398-628X
DOI
10.1108/sajbs-06-2020-0179
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The present paper attempts to explain the impact of debt diversification and various debt financing sources on firm value. The paper also aims to address the long-run causality of various factors affecting firm value.Design/methodology/approachThe study employs a dynamic panel data model for a sample of 233 listed firms from 2010 to 2019. Two-step generalized method of moments (GMM) is devised to study the impact of firm-specific factors on firm value.FindingsThe study establishes a negative impact of debt diversification on firm value. Further, the results also signal how the choice of debt instruments has a heterogeneous effect on firm value. Non-bank debt leads to a discount in firm value, while bank debt has no effect on firm value. The long-run determinants of firm value are debt ratio, tangibility and liquidity.Research limitations/implicationsThe findings of the study would aid the mangers in making informed decisions regarding the debt financing structure. Too much reliance on non-bank debt instruments leads to a negative impact on firm value. Therefore careful evaluation is necessary before accessing multiple debt sources.Originality/valueDebt heterogeneity is globally established; however, its presence in the Indian context has not been validated extensively. The study not only validates the existence of debt diversification but also investigates how individual debt instruments affect firm value that is yet to be examined in the Indian context.

Journal

South Asian Journal of Business StudiesEmerald Publishing

Published: Sep 27, 2022

Keywords: Debt finance; GMM; Bank loan; Debt ownership; Capital structure

References