The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between employees’ perceptions of diversity within management levels (i.e. senior management, middle management and lower management levels) and perceived organizational performance. The study also examines differences in perceptions of diversity within different levels of management across nature and ownership forms of organizations.Design/methodology/approachPrimary data were gathered from a sample of 400 employees from 162 organizations of diverse industries operating in India. Statistical techniques like analysis of variance and stepwise multiple regressions were used to analyze the data.FindingsEmployee perceptions of diversity at the senior, middle and lower management levels of organizations are weakly, most significantly and positively, and negatively related to perceived organizational performance. It has also been found that the perceptions of diversity within different levels of management differ across nature and ownership forms of the organization.Research limitations/implicationsThe study relies on self-reported questionnaires as the method of data collection, which can lead to common-method bias. Hence, further studies can collect data by using multiple sources. In addition, future researchers can employ both subjective and objective measures to fetch results that are more valid.Practical implicationsTo harvest the benefits of diversity, organization should foster positive perceptions among employees toward diversity.Originality/valueThe study gives new insight into why employees’ perceptions are significant in considering the possible outcomes of diversity.
Journal of Advances in Management Research – Emerald Publishing
Published: Jan 14, 2020
Keywords: Diversity; India; Perception; Organizational performance; Employees; Management levels
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