Disclosure of sexual orientation in the USA and its consequences in the workplace

Disclosure of sexual orientation in the USA and its consequences in the workplace PurposeDiscrimination and hostility in the workplace prevents homosexual workers from performing their core functions on the job. Moreover, it introduces unnecessary costs by increasing absenteeism, lowering productivity, and fostering a less motivated, less entrepreneurial, and less committed workforce. By means of an agent-based model, the authors simulated the effects on unemployment rates of an increasing of sexual orientation (SO) disclosure in the workplaces. The authors tested the effects on workers’ utility, level of job satisfaction and segregation. The results show a complessive improvement of the firms’ performances and a better job satisfaction for undeclared and homosexual workers and employers. With a homosexual employer, the authors can observe an increasing homosexual utility and firm profit, with a low decrease in undeclared utility. Instead, with an undeclared employer, the firm’s profit decreases but the total effect is positive. The paper aims to discuss these issues.Design/methodology/approachAn agent-based model applied.FindingsEffects of sexual disclosure on unemployment rates, job satisfaction, and job segregation.Originality/valueThe economic literature on SO and job satisfaction is very meager. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png international Journal of Social Economics Emerald Publishing

Disclosure of sexual orientation in the USA and its consequences in the workplace

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
0306-8293
DOI
10.1108/IJSE-01-2015-0014
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

PurposeDiscrimination and hostility in the workplace prevents homosexual workers from performing their core functions on the job. Moreover, it introduces unnecessary costs by increasing absenteeism, lowering productivity, and fostering a less motivated, less entrepreneurial, and less committed workforce. By means of an agent-based model, the authors simulated the effects on unemployment rates of an increasing of sexual orientation (SO) disclosure in the workplaces. The authors tested the effects on workers’ utility, level of job satisfaction and segregation. The results show a complessive improvement of the firms’ performances and a better job satisfaction for undeclared and homosexual workers and employers. With a homosexual employer, the authors can observe an increasing homosexual utility and firm profit, with a low decrease in undeclared utility. Instead, with an undeclared employer, the firm’s profit decreases but the total effect is positive. The paper aims to discuss these issues.Design/methodology/approachAn agent-based model applied.FindingsEffects of sexual disclosure on unemployment rates, job satisfaction, and job segregation.Originality/valueThe economic literature on SO and job satisfaction is very meager.

Journal

international Journal of Social EconomicsEmerald Publishing

Published: Nov 7, 2016

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