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Determining the temperature ratings of infant bedding

Determining the temperature ratings of infant bedding The purpose of this study is to determine the temperature ratings of infant bedding.Design/methodology/approachMathematical models were developed for predicting temperature ratings of infant bedding for all age groups based on the thermal balance equation. These models were validated by the published physiological data and the baby manikin tests. The air temperature was compared with the predicted temperature rating, and the skin temperature of infant or baby manikin was used to explain the validation results.FindingsThe models had higher prediction accuracy, especially for the infant bedding with uniformly distributed thermal insulation. The results showed that an increase of 1 clo in thermal insulation caused a decrease of 4.2–6.0 °C in temperature rating. The slope of the model reduced with the increasing month-age, indicating that an older infant had a lower temperature rating than a younger infant.Practical implicationsSuggestions were given for caregivers that younger infants ought to be covered with more bedding than adults; however, older infants were expected to require less bedding.Originality/valueThe outcomes provided scientific guidelines on the selection of bedding for infants at a particular room temperature to ensure the health and safety of infants. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology Emerald Publishing

Determining the temperature ratings of infant bedding

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References (32)

Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
0955-6222
DOI
10.1108/ijcst-09-2021-0135
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the temperature ratings of infant bedding.Design/methodology/approachMathematical models were developed for predicting temperature ratings of infant bedding for all age groups based on the thermal balance equation. These models were validated by the published physiological data and the baby manikin tests. The air temperature was compared with the predicted temperature rating, and the skin temperature of infant or baby manikin was used to explain the validation results.FindingsThe models had higher prediction accuracy, especially for the infant bedding with uniformly distributed thermal insulation. The results showed that an increase of 1 clo in thermal insulation caused a decrease of 4.2–6.0 °C in temperature rating. The slope of the model reduced with the increasing month-age, indicating that an older infant had a lower temperature rating than a younger infant.Practical implicationsSuggestions were given for caregivers that younger infants ought to be covered with more bedding than adults; however, older infants were expected to require less bedding.Originality/valueThe outcomes provided scientific guidelines on the selection of bedding for infants at a particular room temperature to ensure the health and safety of infants.

Journal

International Journal of Clothing Science and TechnologyEmerald Publishing

Published: Mar 22, 2023

Keywords: Infant bedding; Temperature ratings; Thermal insulation; Baby thermal manikin

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