This paper examines, based on certain criteria, the most feasible sustainable energy technology SET for rural Bangladesh. The criteria used for the appropriateness of SET for rural Bangladesh are a availability of energy resources, b degree of technological complexity of the proposed technology, c cost effectiveness, d balance between supply of and demand for energy, e contribution of the particular energy technology to reducing greenhouse gas emission, and f major constraints associated with accepting the recommended technology. The paper describes the theoretical part of the author's Ph.D. thesis where fundamental work has been done. The study applies the criteria to three main energy technologies biomass, solar and wind and finds that none of these technologies are suitable on their own. However, among the three proposed energy technologies, biomass might be the best possible option which can make a positive contribution to alleviate energy poverty in rural Bangladesh. Findings of this study are useful for development policy makers and researchers.
International Journal of Development Issues – Emerald Publishing
Published: Jan 1, 2006