Crew resource management: improving team work in high reliability industries

Crew resource management: improving team work in high reliability industries The aviation industry recognised the significance of human error in accidents in the 1970s, and has been instrumental in the development of special training, designed to reduce error and increase the effectiveness of flight crews. These crew resource management (CRM) programmes focus on "non-technical skills" critical for enhanced operational performance, such as leadership, situation awareness, decision making, team work and communication. More recently CRM has been adopted by other "high reliability" team environments including anaesthesiology, air traffic control, the Merchant Navy, the nuclear power industry, aviation maintenance, and the offshore oil industry. This review paper describes the basic principles of crew resource management, then outlines recent developments in aviation and other high reliability work environments. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Team Performance Management Emerald Publishing

Crew resource management: improving team work in high reliability industries

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 MCB UP Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1352-7592
DOI
10.1108/13527590210433366
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The aviation industry recognised the significance of human error in accidents in the 1970s, and has been instrumental in the development of special training, designed to reduce error and increase the effectiveness of flight crews. These crew resource management (CRM) programmes focus on "non-technical skills" critical for enhanced operational performance, such as leadership, situation awareness, decision making, team work and communication. More recently CRM has been adopted by other "high reliability" team environments including anaesthesiology, air traffic control, the Merchant Navy, the nuclear power industry, aviation maintenance, and the offshore oil industry. This review paper describes the basic principles of crew resource management, then outlines recent developments in aviation and other high reliability work environments.

Journal

Team Performance ManagementEmerald Publishing

Published: Jun 1, 2002

Keywords: Teams; Training; Safety

References

  • A feasibility study of the use of incidents and accidents reports to evaluate effects of team resource management in air traffic control
    Andersen, V.; Bove, T.
  • Human error in European air traffic management: the HERA project
    Kirwan, B.; Shorrock, S.; Isaac, A.
  • An analysis of critical incidents in a teaching department for quality assurance: a survey of mishaps during anaesthesia
    Kumar, V.,; Marcellos, W.; Mehta, M.; Carter, J.
  • Site managers and safety leadership in the offshore oil and gas industry
    O’Dea, A.; Flin, R.

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