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This paper aims to clarify the factors that affect the formation of organizational human capital competitive advantage (OHCCA) and construct its structural dimensions.Design/methodology/approachThis research method adopted grounded theory using 20 interviews of managers from 10 companies. Relevant literature was reviewed to conduct open coding, Axial coding and selective coding to ensure OHCCA concept and dimensions.FindingsStudies have shown that OHCCA formation of results from investment and collaboration of three levels: organization, teams and departments and employees. OHCCA formation is composed of three dimensions of organizational human capital investment: planning, practice and stock.Research limitations/implicationsThis research enriches the organizational human capital and competitive advantage theories.Practical implicationsThe practical significance is to provide theoretical and practical guidance for organizations in creating OHCCAs.Originality/valueThis research is the first to propose and define the OHCCA concept and construct a three-dimensional structure model. Furthermore, this research has revealed the leading factors that affect OHCCA's formation process.
Journal of Intellectual Capital – Emerald Publishing
Published: Aug 9, 2022
Keywords: Human capital; Organizational human capital competitive advantage; Structural dimension; Formation process; Human capital investment
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