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Construction of novel electrochemical treatment systems for indigo wastewater and their performance

Construction of novel electrochemical treatment systems for indigo wastewater and their performance This study aims to evaluate the efficiency of metal electrode and electrolytes on the electroflocculation of indigo wastewater, produced by printing and dyeing factory, and to optimize the treatment system.Design/methodology/approachFor effective purging, various types of metal electrodes (graphite, pure aluminum and stainless steel) and supporting electrolytes (sodium chloride and sodium sulfate) were selected for electroflocculation experiments. The decolorization rate and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal rate were characterized.FindingsThe treatment effects of stainless steel and aluminum were similar, but the dissolution loss of aluminum and the production of flocs greatly limit its application. Electrolytes gave obvious effects to these systems. Sodium sulfate was better than sodium chloride, the decolorization rate was increased by 3.31%, the removal rate of COD in the solution was increased by 28.65% and the weight of flocculation precipitation was reduced by 0.214 g.Research limitations/implicationsThe electrochemical treatment system was constructed to compare and analyze the influence of experimental parameters and to provide a reference for the actual treatment of indigo wastewater.Practical implicationsElectrochemical flocculation can remove the insoluble indigo solids and it plays a key role in wastewater treatment.Originality/valueIt is novel to optimize the combination of electrode and electrolyte to improve the efficiency of electroflocculation, which can be widely used in the actual wastewater treatment process. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Pigment & Resin Technology Emerald Publishing

Construction of novel electrochemical treatment systems for indigo wastewater and their performance

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
0369-9420
DOI
10.1108/prt-07-2020-0068
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the efficiency of metal electrode and electrolytes on the electroflocculation of indigo wastewater, produced by printing and dyeing factory, and to optimize the treatment system.Design/methodology/approachFor effective purging, various types of metal electrodes (graphite, pure aluminum and stainless steel) and supporting electrolytes (sodium chloride and sodium sulfate) were selected for electroflocculation experiments. The decolorization rate and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal rate were characterized.FindingsThe treatment effects of stainless steel and aluminum were similar, but the dissolution loss of aluminum and the production of flocs greatly limit its application. Electrolytes gave obvious effects to these systems. Sodium sulfate was better than sodium chloride, the decolorization rate was increased by 3.31%, the removal rate of COD in the solution was increased by 28.65% and the weight of flocculation precipitation was reduced by 0.214 g.Research limitations/implicationsThe electrochemical treatment system was constructed to compare and analyze the influence of experimental parameters and to provide a reference for the actual treatment of indigo wastewater.Practical implicationsElectrochemical flocculation can remove the insoluble indigo solids and it plays a key role in wastewater treatment.Originality/valueIt is novel to optimize the combination of electrode and electrolyte to improve the efficiency of electroflocculation, which can be widely used in the actual wastewater treatment process.

Journal

Pigment & Resin TechnologyEmerald Publishing

Published: May 11, 2021

Keywords: COD removal; Decolorization rate; Electroflocculation; Indigo wastewater; Metal electrode

References