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Conflict triggers between farming and pastoral communities in Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Conflict triggers between farming and pastoral communities in Nasarawa State, Nigeria This study aims to examine contemporary factors underlying farmers and pastoralists’ conflict in Nasarawa state. These two communities had rosy and symbiotic relationships which have transmogrified into sour tales of mutual suspicion, destruction, deaths and violence.Design/methodology/approachExploratory research design was used. Data was collected using qualitative tools of data collection such as in-depth interview (IDI) and key informant (KII) guides to extract responses from farmers and pastoralists.FindingsIn a bid to end the conflicts between these two groups, Benue State Government enacted the Open Grazing Prohibition and Ranches Establishment Law also known as anti-open grazing law in 2018. Although the law altered the conflict landscape in Benue, it recorded trans-territorial backlashes in the neighbouring Nasarawa State where herdsmen relocated. The relocation of herders to Nasarawa State, setting up of livestock guards to check open grazing by pastoralists, rumour and politics triggered contemporary violent conflicts between these groups.Originality/valueAs against existing studies, this study examines contemporary trigger of the conflict. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research Emerald Publishing

Conflict triggers between farming and pastoral communities in Nasarawa State, Nigeria

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
1759-6599
DOI
10.1108/jacpr-10-2019-0448
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study aims to examine contemporary factors underlying farmers and pastoralists’ conflict in Nasarawa state. These two communities had rosy and symbiotic relationships which have transmogrified into sour tales of mutual suspicion, destruction, deaths and violence.Design/methodology/approachExploratory research design was used. Data was collected using qualitative tools of data collection such as in-depth interview (IDI) and key informant (KII) guides to extract responses from farmers and pastoralists.FindingsIn a bid to end the conflicts between these two groups, Benue State Government enacted the Open Grazing Prohibition and Ranches Establishment Law also known as anti-open grazing law in 2018. Although the law altered the conflict landscape in Benue, it recorded trans-territorial backlashes in the neighbouring Nasarawa State where herdsmen relocated. The relocation of herders to Nasarawa State, setting up of livestock guards to check open grazing by pastoralists, rumour and politics triggered contemporary violent conflicts between these groups.Originality/valueAs against existing studies, this study examines contemporary trigger of the conflict.

Journal

Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace ResearchEmerald Publishing

Published: Jul 10, 2020

Keywords: Aggression; Animal grazing; Farmers conflict; Nomadic pastoralism; Ranching; Resource conflict; Herders; Conflict; Open Grazing and Ranches Establishment Law

References