Complex tourism systems: a visibility graph approach

Complex tourism systems: a visibility graph approach Purpose – The social responsibility of a tourism destination results from the combined efforts of the single stakeholders. This needs coordination and harmonization that cannot be achieved without a deep understanding of the structural and dynamic characteristics of the destination. A tourism destination is a complex dynamic system and requires specific methods to be analyzed and understood in order to better tailor governance actions for steering it along an evolutionary growth path, respectful of the social responsibility towards the community. Many methodological recommendations exist that allow to assess these features, and some have been successfully applied to tourism destinations. This paper aims to explore a new proposal: the visibility graph algorithm (VGA), which is able to provide the required level of information in a fast and simple way. Design/methodology/approach – VGA is a technique to map a time series into a network. The method and its implementation are relatively simple and straightforward. The mapping allows examining the system's properties by using network analytic methods. An example is worked out using data from two destinations: Italy as a country and the island of Elba, one of its most popular areas. Findings – The complexity properties of the two destinations are examined and found in agreement with those obtained by using more complicated approaches, thus strengthening the reliability of the method. Originality/value – This paper provides a new method to examine a tourism destination using a readily available set of data and a simple algorithm. The contribution of this work is mainly methodological. The technique provides insights into the complex structure and dynamics of a tourism destination. This has important implications for those interested in enriching the toolsets used to study a destination from a complex system perspective. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Kybernetes Emerald Publishing

Complex tourism systems: a visibility graph approach

Kybernetes, Volume 43 (3/4): 17 – Apr 1, 2014

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0368-492X
DOI
10.1108/K-12-2013-0266
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The social responsibility of a tourism destination results from the combined efforts of the single stakeholders. This needs coordination and harmonization that cannot be achieved without a deep understanding of the structural and dynamic characteristics of the destination. A tourism destination is a complex dynamic system and requires specific methods to be analyzed and understood in order to better tailor governance actions for steering it along an evolutionary growth path, respectful of the social responsibility towards the community. Many methodological recommendations exist that allow to assess these features, and some have been successfully applied to tourism destinations. This paper aims to explore a new proposal: the visibility graph algorithm (VGA), which is able to provide the required level of information in a fast and simple way. Design/methodology/approach – VGA is a technique to map a time series into a network. The method and its implementation are relatively simple and straightforward. The mapping allows examining the system's properties by using network analytic methods. An example is worked out using data from two destinations: Italy as a country and the island of Elba, one of its most popular areas. Findings – The complexity properties of the two destinations are examined and found in agreement with those obtained by using more complicated approaches, thus strengthening the reliability of the method. Originality/value – This paper provides a new method to examine a tourism destination using a readily available set of data and a simple algorithm. The contribution of this work is mainly methodological. The technique provides insights into the complex structure and dynamics of a tourism destination. This has important implications for those interested in enriching the toolsets used to study a destination from a complex system perspective.

Journal

KybernetesEmerald Publishing

Published: Apr 1, 2014

Keywords: Network analysis; Social responsibility; Complex systems; Time series analysis; Tourism destinations; Visibility graph

References

  • An Introduction to Cybernetics
    Ashby, W.R.
  • Complex and chaotic tourism systems: towards a quantitative approach
    Baggio, R.; Sainaghi, R.
  • Improving tourism destination governance: a complexity science approach
    Baggio, R.; Scott, N.; Cooper, C.
  • Sustainability, complexity and learning: insights from complex systems approaches
    Espinosa, A.; Porter, T.
  • An integrative approach to tourism demand forecasting
    Faulkner, B.; Valerio, P.
  • Community detection in graphs
    Fortunato, S.
  • Corporate social responsibility from the viewpoint of systems thinking
    Knez‐Riedl, J.; Mulej, M.; Dyck, R.G.
  • A chaos approach to tourism
    McKercher, B.
  • Beyond markets and states: polycentric governance of complex economic systems
    Ostrom, E.
  • Exploring the nature of the relationship between CSR and competitiveness
    Vilanova, M.; Lozano, J.M.; Arenas, D.

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