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Compact four-port vertically polarized UWB monopole antenna for MIMO communications

Compact four-port vertically polarized UWB monopole antenna for MIMO communications This paper aims to present the design of a compact vertically polarized four-element UWB antenna suitable for MIMO communications.Design/methodology/approachThe unit cell antenna is constructed using a square ring radiator excited through a stepped impedance feed. The proposed antenna covers the Ultra-wideband (UWB) spectrum ranging from 2.2 to 12.3 GHz. The isolation between the unit cell antennas in the array is enhanced using a simple microstrip line resonator. The decoupling element is connected to the ground through a via.FindingsThe proposed scheme offers at least 16 dB improvement in the port-to-port coupling. Furthermore, the four-element antenna array is constructed using a specific interlocking scheme. The proposed antenna array’s Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) performance metrics are analyzed.Originality/valueBy suitably selecting the excitation port, directional radiation patterns can be realized. The combined radiation pattern covers 360 degrees. A prototype antenna array is fabricated, and the simulation results are verified using real-time experiments. The proposed antenna is a suitable candidate for shark fin housing in automotive communications. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Circuit World Emerald Publishing

Compact four-port vertically polarized UWB monopole antenna for MIMO communications

Circuit World , Volume 47 (2): 9 – Jun 8, 2021

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
0305-6120
DOI
10.1108/cw-04-2020-0055
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper aims to present the design of a compact vertically polarized four-element UWB antenna suitable for MIMO communications.Design/methodology/approachThe unit cell antenna is constructed using a square ring radiator excited through a stepped impedance feed. The proposed antenna covers the Ultra-wideband (UWB) spectrum ranging from 2.2 to 12.3 GHz. The isolation between the unit cell antennas in the array is enhanced using a simple microstrip line resonator. The decoupling element is connected to the ground through a via.FindingsThe proposed scheme offers at least 16 dB improvement in the port-to-port coupling. Furthermore, the four-element antenna array is constructed using a specific interlocking scheme. The proposed antenna array’s Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) performance metrics are analyzed.Originality/valueBy suitably selecting the excitation port, directional radiation patterns can be realized. The combined radiation pattern covers 360 degrees. A prototype antenna array is fabricated, and the simulation results are verified using real-time experiments. The proposed antenna is a suitable candidate for shark fin housing in automotive communications.

Journal

Circuit WorldEmerald Publishing

Published: Jun 8, 2021

Keywords: Circuit board; Circuit simulation

References