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Climate change and agricultural growth: an examination of the link in Malaysia

Climate change and agricultural growth: an examination of the link in Malaysia Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify and analyze the link between climate change and agricultural growth in Malaysia, and pursue three sub‐objectives: to determine and analyze the link between agricultural growth rate and climate change score; to determine and analyze the link between per capita CO 2 emissions and agricultural production index; and to determine and analyze the link between per capita agricultural production index and per capita CO 2 emissions. Design/methodology/approach – Relevant time series data compiled from several online sources including the Germanwatch, Ministry of Finance, Malaysia, and the United Nations database were used. The data for agricultural growth rate and climate change score for Malaysia were found to be available only for the four recent years from 2006 to 2009. The data for other variables such as per capita agricultural production index and per capita CO 2 emissions have been standardized covering the period from 1990 to 2004. The ordinary least squares methods were employed to estimate the parameters in the three linear regression models. Findings – The empirical results of the study reveal three important observations for Malaysia: the link between agricultural growth rate and climate change score is proven to be negative, but insignificant ( p >0.1); the link between per capita CO 2 emissions and agricultural production index is found to be direct and highly significant ( p <0.01); and the link between per capita agricultural production index and per capita CO 2 emissions is proven to be positive and highly significant ( p <0.01). Also, an increasing level of per capita CO 2 emissions in the country is proven to have both detrimental and beneficial effects on its agricultural growth. For instance, agricultural growth in Malaysia is found to produce significant effects on climate change, primarily through the production and release of CO 2 . Originality/value – The paper recommends that the two‐way link between climate change and agricultural growth depends on the balance of the effects and that an in‐depth assessment of such effects might help the appropriate authority to anticipate the effects more accurately. The paper will be useful to researchers wishing to conduct research and develop models on the nexus between climate change and agriculture. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management Emerald Publishing

Climate change and agricultural growth: an examination of the link in Malaysia

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1756-8692
DOI
10.1108/17568691011089927
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify and analyze the link between climate change and agricultural growth in Malaysia, and pursue three sub‐objectives: to determine and analyze the link between agricultural growth rate and climate change score; to determine and analyze the link between per capita CO 2 emissions and agricultural production index; and to determine and analyze the link between per capita agricultural production index and per capita CO 2 emissions. Design/methodology/approach – Relevant time series data compiled from several online sources including the Germanwatch, Ministry of Finance, Malaysia, and the United Nations database were used. The data for agricultural growth rate and climate change score for Malaysia were found to be available only for the four recent years from 2006 to 2009. The data for other variables such as per capita agricultural production index and per capita CO 2 emissions have been standardized covering the period from 1990 to 2004. The ordinary least squares methods were employed to estimate the parameters in the three linear regression models. Findings – The empirical results of the study reveal three important observations for Malaysia: the link between agricultural growth rate and climate change score is proven to be negative, but insignificant ( p >0.1); the link between per capita CO 2 emissions and agricultural production index is found to be direct and highly significant ( p <0.01); and the link between per capita agricultural production index and per capita CO 2 emissions is proven to be positive and highly significant ( p <0.01). Also, an increasing level of per capita CO 2 emissions in the country is proven to have both detrimental and beneficial effects on its agricultural growth. For instance, agricultural growth in Malaysia is found to produce significant effects on climate change, primarily through the production and release of CO 2 . Originality/value – The paper recommends that the two‐way link between climate change and agricultural growth depends on the balance of the effects and that an in‐depth assessment of such effects might help the appropriate authority to anticipate the effects more accurately. The paper will be useful to researchers wishing to conduct research and develop models on the nexus between climate change and agriculture.

Journal

International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and ManagementEmerald Publishing

Published: Nov 9, 2010

Keywords: Agriculture; Global warming; Economic growth; Productivity rate; Air pollution; Malaysia

References