Purpose – The increased availability of reliable and efficient energy services stimulates new development alternatives. The purpose of this paper is to examine several issues relating to renewable energies, environment, and sustainable development, from both current and future perspectives. Design/methodology/approach – Anticipated patterns of future energy use and consequent environmental impacts (acid precipitation, ozone depletion and the greenhouse effect or global warming) are comprehensively discussed in this article. An approach is needed to integrate renewable energies in a way to meet high building performance. However, because renewable energy sources are stochastic and geographically diffuse, their ability to match demand is determined by adoption of one of two approaches: the utilisation of a capture area greater than that occupied by the community to be supplied; or the reduction of the community ' s energy demands to a level commensurate with the locally-available renewable resources. Findings – The adoption of green or sustainable approaches to the way in which society is run is seen as an important strategy in finding a solution to the energy problem. The key factors to reducing and controlling CO 2 , which is the major contributor to global warming, are the use of alternative approaches to energy generation and the exploration of how these alternatives are used today and may be used in the future as green energy sources. Originality/value – This study highlights the energy problem and the possible saving that can be achieved through the use of renewable energy technologies. Also, this study clarifies the background of the study, highlights the potential energy saving that could be achieved through use of renewable energy technologies and describes the objectives, approach and scope of the study.
World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development – Emerald Publishing
Published: Apr 5, 2012