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Causal attribution and coping with classmates’ isolation and humiliation in young adults with mild intellectual disability

Causal attribution and coping with classmates’ isolation and humiliation in young adults with... The purpose of this study is to consider the role of causal attribution of isolation and humiliation from classmates in the coping of young people with mild intellectual disability.Design/methodology/approachThe R-PI test (Kurtek, 2018) was administered to a sample of 151 transition-age students (age 18-22 years) in Poland. It consists of vignettes that describe stressful situations in which classmates might engage in isolating or humiliating behavior directed at the respondents. The respondents’ coping responses were interpreted according to a coding system based on a multi-axis approach by Hobfoll (1998) and Kelley’s attribution theory (1973).FindingsThe results have revealed that a majority of attributions are of defensive character. However, it was found that the justifying attributions were significantly associated with prosocial coping and the accusing attributions were related to antisocial coping.Research limitations/implicationsBecause a vignette study is not based on actual interactions, the results refer to cognitive rather than behavioral performance.Practical implicationsThe implications for supporting coping skills through attribution training, especially for youth with aggressive and passive behaviors, are discussed.Social implicationsPromoting positive and situational attributions to stressful interactions with classmates increases the likelihood of prosocial coping.Originality/valueApplied cognitive approaches emphasize each respondent’s subjective perspective in attempting to explain humiliating and isolating incidents from classmates and the various coping strategies they personally considered effective in these situations. The present study contributes to the relatively small current literature available in this area. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour Emerald Publishing

Causal attribution and coping with classmates’ isolation and humiliation in young adults with mild intellectual disability

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2050-8824
DOI
10.1108/jidob-10-2019-0019
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to consider the role of causal attribution of isolation and humiliation from classmates in the coping of young people with mild intellectual disability.Design/methodology/approachThe R-PI test (Kurtek, 2018) was administered to a sample of 151 transition-age students (age 18-22 years) in Poland. It consists of vignettes that describe stressful situations in which classmates might engage in isolating or humiliating behavior directed at the respondents. The respondents’ coping responses were interpreted according to a coding system based on a multi-axis approach by Hobfoll (1998) and Kelley’s attribution theory (1973).FindingsThe results have revealed that a majority of attributions are of defensive character. However, it was found that the justifying attributions were significantly associated with prosocial coping and the accusing attributions were related to antisocial coping.Research limitations/implicationsBecause a vignette study is not based on actual interactions, the results refer to cognitive rather than behavioral performance.Practical implicationsThe implications for supporting coping skills through attribution training, especially for youth with aggressive and passive behaviors, are discussed.Social implicationsPromoting positive and situational attributions to stressful interactions with classmates increases the likelihood of prosocial coping.Originality/valueApplied cognitive approaches emphasize each respondent’s subjective perspective in attempting to explain humiliating and isolating incidents from classmates and the various coping strategies they personally considered effective in these situations. The present study contributes to the relatively small current literature available in this area.

Journal

Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending BehaviourEmerald Publishing

Published: Apr 30, 2020

Keywords: Causal attribution; Antisocial coping; Humiliation from classmates; Isolation from classmates; Prosocial coping; Young adults with mild intellectual disability

References