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Bone reconstruction surgery of complex craniomaxillofacial deformities using additive manufacturing customized implants - a case report

Bone reconstruction surgery of complex craniomaxillofacial deformities using additive... This study aims to assess the design, manufacturing and surgical implantation of three-dimensional (3D) customized implants, including surgical preoperative planning, surgery and postoperative results, for cranioplasty along with zygomatic and orbital floor implants using additive manufacturing (AM) technics for a 23-year-old female who suffered from severe craniomaxillofacial trauma.Design/methodology/approachThe skull biomodel was produced in polyamide while implants were made of Ti-6Al-4V alloy by AM.FindingsThe method enabled perfectly fitting implants and anatomical conformance with the craniomaxillofacial defect, providing complete healing for the patient. Surgical planning using a customized 3D polyamide biomodel was effective. This proved to be a powerful tool for medical planning and manufacturing of customized implants, as complete healing and good craniofacial aesthetic results were observed.Originality/valueSatisfactory surgical procedures, regarding surgery time reduction and good craniofacial aesthetic results, were achieved. Furthermore, the 3D titanium customized implants represented a favorable alternative for the repair of craniomaxillofacial defects. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Rapid Prototyping Journal Emerald Publishing

Bone reconstruction surgery of complex craniomaxillofacial deformities using additive manufacturing customized implants - a case report

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
1355-2546
eISSN
1355-2546
DOI
10.1108/rpj-07-2020-0169
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study aims to assess the design, manufacturing and surgical implantation of three-dimensional (3D) customized implants, including surgical preoperative planning, surgery and postoperative results, for cranioplasty along with zygomatic and orbital floor implants using additive manufacturing (AM) technics for a 23-year-old female who suffered from severe craniomaxillofacial trauma.Design/methodology/approachThe skull biomodel was produced in polyamide while implants were made of Ti-6Al-4V alloy by AM.FindingsThe method enabled perfectly fitting implants and anatomical conformance with the craniomaxillofacial defect, providing complete healing for the patient. Surgical planning using a customized 3D polyamide biomodel was effective. This proved to be a powerful tool for medical planning and manufacturing of customized implants, as complete healing and good craniofacial aesthetic results were observed.Originality/valueSatisfactory surgical procedures, regarding surgery time reduction and good craniofacial aesthetic results, were achieved. Furthermore, the 3D titanium customized implants represented a favorable alternative for the repair of craniomaxillofacial defects.

Journal

Rapid Prototyping JournalEmerald Publishing

Published: Jul 14, 2021

Keywords: 3D; CAD/CAM; Modeling; Rapid prototyping; Surgery

References