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Associations between Finnish 9th grade students' school perceptions, health behaviors, and family factors

Associations between Finnish 9th grade students' school perceptions, health behaviors, and family... Purpose – The aim of this study was to examine the associations between students' perceptions of the psychosocial school environment, health‐compromising behaviours, and selected family factors. The analyses were based on data provided for the Health Behaviour in School‐aged Children Study (2006). Design/methodology/approach – The data were obtained from 1,670 Finnish 9th graders. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the associations between school perceptions, health‐compromising behaviours, and selected family factors. Findings – Educational aspiration was found to be the most influential factor connected to health‐compromising behaviour among both genders, favouring students who were intending to apply to upper secondary school. The results also indicated that all the measured dimensions of school perceptions were associated with health‐compromising behaviours: the more negative the perceptions, the more health‐compromising were the behaviours. The associations were somewhat different between girls and boys. In terms of engaging in health‐compromising behaviours, there was an association with school‐related social relationships among boys. By contrast, among girls, other aspects of the psychosocial school environment were more important, for example engagement with the school and school strain. The role of parental bonding and monitoring was also significant among girls. Originality/value – The findings imply that attention should be paid to the health‐promoting factors of the school, and to gender differences, not merely in planning prevention or intervention, but in everyday school life. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Health Education Emerald Publishing

Associations between Finnish 9th grade students' school perceptions, health behaviors, and family factors

Health Education , Volume 112 (3): 16 – Apr 13, 2012

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0965-4283
DOI
10.1108/09654281211217786
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The aim of this study was to examine the associations between students' perceptions of the psychosocial school environment, health‐compromising behaviours, and selected family factors. The analyses were based on data provided for the Health Behaviour in School‐aged Children Study (2006). Design/methodology/approach – The data were obtained from 1,670 Finnish 9th graders. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the associations between school perceptions, health‐compromising behaviours, and selected family factors. Findings – Educational aspiration was found to be the most influential factor connected to health‐compromising behaviour among both genders, favouring students who were intending to apply to upper secondary school. The results also indicated that all the measured dimensions of school perceptions were associated with health‐compromising behaviours: the more negative the perceptions, the more health‐compromising were the behaviours. The associations were somewhat different between girls and boys. In terms of engaging in health‐compromising behaviours, there was an association with school‐related social relationships among boys. By contrast, among girls, other aspects of the psychosocial school environment were more important, for example engagement with the school and school strain. The role of parental bonding and monitoring was also significant among girls. Originality/value – The findings imply that attention should be paid to the health‐promoting factors of the school, and to gender differences, not merely in planning prevention or intervention, but in everyday school life.

Journal

Health EducationEmerald Publishing

Published: Apr 13, 2012

Keywords: Schools; Adolescents; School perceptions; Health; Behaviour; Family

References