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This study aims to examine the preference for earnings management (EM) strategies according to business strategies, namely, cost leadership strategies and differentiation strategies,Design/methodology/approachThis study analyzed 262 samples of manufacturing and service companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the period 2019. Logistic regression analysis is used to test the company’s EM strategy preferences based on the applied business strategy.FindingsThe results prove that business strategy has a significant effect on EM strategy preferences. Companies that implement a cost leadership strategy tend to use an accrual form of EM rather than a real form of EM. Conversely, companies that implement a differentiation strategy tend to use a real form of EM.Research limitations/implicationsTheoretically, this study confirms that contingency theory can explain EM practice preferences based on business strategy. Practically, this study helps auditors and financial statement analysts in assessing the quality of financial statements, as well as the risk of financial misstatement based on the business strategy adopted by the companies.Originality/valueBased on prior literature, research studies on the analysis of EM strategy preferences based on business strategy have been limited.
Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting – Emerald Publishing
Published: Dec 12, 2022
Keywords: Earnings management; Cost leadership; Differentiation; Business level strategy; M410 Accounting
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