Addressing vulnerability through an integrated approach

Addressing vulnerability through an integrated approach Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review current theoretical approaches in disaster studies and put forward a model of vulnerability that incorporates physical science, engineering, and social science research. Design/methodology/approach – A comprehensive model of vulnerability is proposed, which includes both liabilities and capabilities from the physical and social environments. The model is related to risk, susceptibility, resistance, and resilience to vulnerability and disasters. Findings – This review assesses current concepts as guides for disaster management and suggests that a more complete view of vulnerability is more apt to generate inclusive and integrated disaster policies. Research limitations/implications – Since this model is relatively new, its applicability needs to be examined further in terms of the phases of disasters and the many stakeholders involved in emergency management. Practical implications – The holistic model of vulnerability in this paper may help emergency managers better understand disasters and devise relevant policies to counter them. The paper underscores the importance of broad and integrated methods for dealing with socially constructed disasters. It is related to environmental, infrastructure, economic, political, cultural, and other variables. Originality/value – This paper is unique in that it presents four viewpoints of vulnerability and because it applies the proposed model to many different types of disasters. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment Emerald Publishing

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1759-5908
D.O.I.
10.1108/17595901011026472
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review current theoretical approaches in disaster studies and put forward a model of vulnerability that incorporates physical science, engineering, and social science research. Design/methodology/approach – A comprehensive model of vulnerability is proposed, which includes both liabilities and capabilities from the physical and social environments. The model is related to risk, susceptibility, resistance, and resilience to vulnerability and disasters. Findings – This review assesses current concepts as guides for disaster management and suggests that a more complete view of vulnerability is more apt to generate inclusive and integrated disaster policies. Research limitations/implications – Since this model is relatively new, its applicability needs to be examined further in terms of the phases of disasters and the many stakeholders involved in emergency management. Practical implications – The holistic model of vulnerability in this paper may help emergency managers better understand disasters and devise relevant policies to counter them. The paper underscores the importance of broad and integrated methods for dealing with socially constructed disasters. It is related to environmental, infrastructure, economic, political, cultural, and other variables. Originality/value – This paper is unique in that it presents four viewpoints of vulnerability and because it applies the proposed model to many different types of disasters.

Journal

International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built EnvironmentEmerald Publishing

Published: Feb 26, 2010

Keywords: Disasters; Modelling; Risk assessment

References

  • The determinants of vulnerability and adaptive capacity at the national level and the implications for adaptation
    Adger, W.N.; Brooks, N.; Kelly, P.M.
  • Built‐in resilience to disasters: a pre‐emptive approach
    Bosher, L.; Dainty, A.; Carrillo, P.; Glass, J.
  • Urban vulnerability and good governance
    Lewis, D.; Mioch, J.
  • Searching for a holistic paradigm and policy guide: a proposal for the future of emergency management
    McEntire, D.A.
  • Why vulnerability matters: exploring the merit of an inclusive disaster reduction concept
    McEntire, D.A.
  • A comparison of disaster paradigms: the search for a holistic policy guide
    McEntire, D.; Fuller, C.; Johnson, C.; Weber, R.
  • Housing and urban vulnerability in rapidly‐developing cities
    Tipple, G.
  • Risk, vulnerability, and asset‐based approach to disaster risk management
    Vatsa, K.S.
  • Disaster mitigation: the concept of vulnerability revisited
    Weichselgartner, J.

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