PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to review the use of adaptive systems in education. It is intended to be a useful introduction for the non-specialist reader.Design/methodology/approachA distinction is made between intelligent tutoring systems (ITSs) and adaptive hypermedia systems (AHSs). The two kinds of system are defined, compared and contrasted. Examples of the implementation of the two kinds of system are included.FindingsSimilarities and differences between the two kinds of system are highlighted. A conceptual unification is proposed based on the architecture of Course Assembly System and Tutorial Environment, a seminal prototype learning environment developed by Pask and Scott in the 1970s as an application of Pask’s conversation theory.Originality/valueThe architecture shows how the key aspects of ITSs and AHSs can be combined to complement each other. It is intended to be an original contribution that is of particular interest for the specialist reader.
The International Journal of Information and Learning Technology – Emerald Publishing
Published: Jan 3, 2017