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A rehabilitation gait for the balance of human and lower extremity exoskeleton system based on the transfer of gravity center

A rehabilitation gait for the balance of human and lower extremity exoskeleton system based on... Most current lower extremity exoskeletons emphasize assistance for walking rather than stability. The purpose of this paper is to propose a rehabilitation gait based on the transfer of gravity center to improve the balance of exoskeleton rehabilitation training of the hemiplegic patients in the frontal plane, reducing the dependence on crutches/walking frames.Design/methodology/approachThe real-time and predictable instability factors of human and exoskeleton system (HES) are analyzed. Inspired by the walking balance strategy of the blind, a rehabilitation gait based on the transfer of gravity center is proposed and studied by modeling and experimental test and is finally applied to the prototype – Zhejiang University lower extremity exoskeleton (ZJULEEX) – to verify its feasibility.FindingsAt least three real-time and predictable factors cause the instability of HES, and the factor of lateral tilt caused by gravity should be focused in the balance control of frontal plane. With the proposed gait, the hip height of stepping leg of HES does not reduce obviously even when the crutches do not work, which can improve the balance of HES.Research limitations/implicationsHowever, the rehabilitation gait control needs to be more complete and intelligent to response to other types of perturbations to further improve the balance of HES. In addition, more clinical trials should be conducted to evaluate the effect of the proposed gait.Social implicationsMay bring happiness to the rehabilitation of patients with hemiplegia.Originality/valueThe rehabilitation gait based on the transfer of gravity center to improve the balance of HES is first proposed and applied to HES. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Industrial Robot: An International Journal Emerald Publishing

A rehabilitation gait for the balance of human and lower extremity exoskeleton system based on the transfer of gravity center

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References (22)

Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
0143-991X
eISSN
0143-991X
DOI
10.1108/ir-07-2018-0150
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Most current lower extremity exoskeletons emphasize assistance for walking rather than stability. The purpose of this paper is to propose a rehabilitation gait based on the transfer of gravity center to improve the balance of exoskeleton rehabilitation training of the hemiplegic patients in the frontal plane, reducing the dependence on crutches/walking frames.Design/methodology/approachThe real-time and predictable instability factors of human and exoskeleton system (HES) are analyzed. Inspired by the walking balance strategy of the blind, a rehabilitation gait based on the transfer of gravity center is proposed and studied by modeling and experimental test and is finally applied to the prototype – Zhejiang University lower extremity exoskeleton (ZJULEEX) – to verify its feasibility.FindingsAt least three real-time and predictable factors cause the instability of HES, and the factor of lateral tilt caused by gravity should be focused in the balance control of frontal plane. With the proposed gait, the hip height of stepping leg of HES does not reduce obviously even when the crutches do not work, which can improve the balance of HES.Research limitations/implicationsHowever, the rehabilitation gait control needs to be more complete and intelligent to response to other types of perturbations to further improve the balance of HES. In addition, more clinical trials should be conducted to evaluate the effect of the proposed gait.Social implicationsMay bring happiness to the rehabilitation of patients with hemiplegia.Originality/valueThe rehabilitation gait based on the transfer of gravity center to improve the balance of HES is first proposed and applied to HES.

Journal

Industrial Robot: An International JournalEmerald Publishing

Published: Aug 21, 2019

Keywords: Balance; Center of pressure; Low limb exoskeleton; Transfer of gravity center

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