Purpose – The paper aims to provide a rationale for stakeholder‐based management in developing countries. To implement the objectives, the paper contrasts the implications of agency and stakeholder theories as they apply to developing countries and highlight “total wealth creation” and “purposive adaptation” that support developmental goals of developing countries. This “purposive adaptation” also implicates the use of management accounting tools in a flexible way to meet the needs of the strategy. Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses conceptual analysis and the case study approach Findings – The Tata Steel case illustrates the normative stakeholder approach in the developing country context. Specifically, the case highlights strategy developed through “stakeholder engagement” and the application of the balanced scorecard to address stakeholder issues in implementing the strategy, illustrating the rationale underlying the stakeholder approach in addressing developmental concerns through more dispersed and larger wealth creation. Research limitations/implications – There is limited scope to use methods other than illustrating the theory using specific instances of its application, as in the case approach. Practical implications – The paper illustrates long‐term implications on sustainable development. Originality/value – Few papers consider contextualizing theoretical implications of management to developing countries. This is important as the theory has implications on development in such aspects as environmental costs, increasing inequality, and associated issues. The paper directs attention to the importance of identifying theory that addresses the unique management challenges in developing countries and can potentially enable further research to systematize and generalize management approaches in developing countries.
Journal of Accounting & Organizational Change – Emerald Publishing
Published: Jun 6, 2008
Keywords: Stakeholder analysis; Developing countries; Balanced scorecard; Wealth and income
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