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A multilevel study on servant leadership, job boredom and job crafting

A multilevel study on servant leadership, job boredom and job crafting The purpose of this paper is to examine cross-level effects of team-level servant leadership on job boredom and the mediating role of job crafting. Cross-level moderating effects of team-level servant leadership were also investigated.Design/methodology/approachThis longitudinal study employed a multilevel design in a sample of 237 employees, clustered into 47 teams. Servant leadership was aggregated to the team-level to examine the effects of shared perceptions of leadership at T1 on individual-level outcome, namely job boredom, at T2. In addition, mediation analysis was used to test whether team-level servant leadership at T1 can protect followers from job boredom at T2 by fostering job crafting at T2. Cross-level moderating effects of team-level servant leadership at T1 on the relation between job crafting at T2 and job boredom at T2 were also modeled.FindingsJob crafting at T2 mediated the cross-level effect of team-level servant leadership at T1 on job boredom at T2.Research limitations/implicationsThe findings suggest that team-level servant leadership predicts less job boredom by boosting job crafting.Originality/valueThis study is the first to assess the effects of servant leadership on job boredom and the mediating role of job crafting. This paper examines job boredom in a multilevel design, thus extending knowledge on its contextual components. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Managerial Psychology Emerald Publishing

A multilevel study on servant leadership, job boredom and job crafting

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
0268-3946
DOI
10.1108/jmp-08-2016-0237
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine cross-level effects of team-level servant leadership on job boredom and the mediating role of job crafting. Cross-level moderating effects of team-level servant leadership were also investigated.Design/methodology/approachThis longitudinal study employed a multilevel design in a sample of 237 employees, clustered into 47 teams. Servant leadership was aggregated to the team-level to examine the effects of shared perceptions of leadership at T1 on individual-level outcome, namely job boredom, at T2. In addition, mediation analysis was used to test whether team-level servant leadership at T1 can protect followers from job boredom at T2 by fostering job crafting at T2. Cross-level moderating effects of team-level servant leadership at T1 on the relation between job crafting at T2 and job boredom at T2 were also modeled.FindingsJob crafting at T2 mediated the cross-level effect of team-level servant leadership at T1 on job boredom at T2.Research limitations/implicationsThe findings suggest that team-level servant leadership predicts less job boredom by boosting job crafting.Originality/valueThis study is the first to assess the effects of servant leadership on job boredom and the mediating role of job crafting. This paper examines job boredom in a multilevel design, thus extending knowledge on its contextual components.

Journal

Journal of Managerial PsychologyEmerald Publishing

Published: Mar 7, 2018

Keywords: Longitudinal; Multilevel analysis; Servant leadership; Job crafting; Job boredom

References