Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You and Your Team.

Learn More →

A German LongRange Aeroplane

A German LongRange Aeroplane AIRCRAF T ENGINEERING 17 January , 1938 Th e 960 Horse-Power Four-Engined Heinkel Mail-Carryin g Machine ERMANY has recently shown signs of following the general trend towards th e adoption of the lour engined arrangement on all but the smaller transport aeroplanes. The Heinkel He-116 is one of the latest examples to be flown. Although a four- engined aeroplane this machine falls into the category of a medium powered type, as it is equipped with Hirth 508-B engines of only 240 h.p . each. Despite this comparatively low power the He-116 carries a crew of four, 1,214 lbs. of mail and enough petrol for a range of 2,800 miles a t a cruising speed of 186 m.p.h. Heinkel monoplanes have long been charac­ terized by their slim fuselages and eliptical icings, and in these respects the He-116 main­ tains the tradition to perfection. The wooden cantilever main plane is built in three sections. The centre section extends through the fuselage and out to the inner PRINCIPA L CHARACTERISTICS additional rigidity at high speeds. The 4-HIRTH 508-B, 240 H R. ENGINES. engine bearers. The outer sections of the wing elevators are fitted with tab trimming and are, . 22 m. (72 ft 0 ms.) Span .. .. .. .. . carry the engine bearers of the outer engines. Length .. .. .. .. . 13·7 m. (45 ft. 0 m) in addition, both aerodynamically and mass Height .. .. .. .. . 3·3 m. (10 ft. 10 ms.) All three sections of the main plane are built . balanced. The Flettner servo system is used Wing Area .. .. .. . 62·9 sq. m. (676 sq. ft.) on two spars and are covered by a stress- on the rudder. Weight Empty.. .. .. . . Pa y Load .. .. .. . 550 kgs. (1,214 lb.) hearing plywood skin. The ailerons arc of the . The four Hirth 508-B inverted-vee aircooled Gross Weigh t . .. .. . 6,930 kgs. (15,280 1b.) inset type and are fitted with trimming tabs. . Maximu m Speed .. .. . 330 km, p.h. (205 m p.h.) engines are carried in nacelles projecting from In Germany the plain camber flap still finds .300 Km.p.h . (186 5 m.p.h.) Cruising Speed .. .. . the leading-edge of the wing. Wooden bladed Climb to 1,000 m. (3,050 ft.). . . 4·5 mms. many adherents and it is this variety of flap Service Ceiling .. .. .. . 4,500 km . (2,800 miles). controllabic-pitch airscrews are standard equip­ which is used on the He-116. ment. The fuel load, 570 gallons, is carried m The stressed-skin fuselage is built on the is completely watertight up to the level of the four tanks in the wing. principle evolved by the Heinkel Flugzeugwerke. cabin doorway. First and second pilots are The retractable undercarriage is of a simple, carried in side-by-side seats in the nose. A number of main duralumin frames, inter­ single-leg-backwardly-retracting type. When Accommodation is provided for both a wireless spersed by light formers and positioned by a retracted the wheels and struts rest in recesses series of longitudinal stringers are covered by a operator and a navigator behind the pilots' in the undersides of the inner engine nacelles, stress-bearing skin of duralumin sheet, Hush- station. Special equipment includes long range the excrescences and gaps being smoothly riveted and with a completely smooth exterior. two-way radio and an inflatable life-raft. faired by hinged aluminium panels. Oleo The cabin arrangements and equipment have The adjustable tail plane is virtually a shock-absorbers are used. Elektron wheels, been designed with special regard for the needs cantilever structure, although the rear spar incorporating low pressure tyres and hydraulic of long range trans-oceanic flights. The fuselage is wire-braced to the (in in order to give it brakes, are fitted. Trad e Publications Received Machine Tool Economy. Hadfield's Special Corrosion Resisting Steels. Course in Aeronautical Engineering. [Samuel Hodge & Sons, Ltd., Rainham.] [Hadfield's, Ltd., Sheffield.] [Loughborough College.] Messier, "Le Specialiste du Train d'Atter- London—Paris—Home—Tunis—Cairo. Single Row Installations. rissagc." [Shell Aviation Department, Cairo.] [Prat t & Whitney Aircraft, East Hartford, [M.A.K.C., London.] U.S.A.] The Welding and Riveting of Aluminium. M.S.E. Machine Tools. [Northern Aluminium Co., Ltd., London.] Visit of the Guests of the Master Cutler to the [Machine Shop Equipment, Ltd., London.] Why Not Weld Electrically? Works of James Neill & Co. (Sheffield), Ltd. Die Casting. [Philip's Industrial, London.] " Sun-Vic " Adjustable Thermostats. Machine Tool Economy. "H.V.S." Hot-Wire Vacuum Switches. [Non-Ferrous Die Casting Co., Ltd., London.] [Samuel Hodge & Sons, Ltd., Rainham.] Hot-Wire Vacuum Switches Type M. I Nuovi Motori d'Aviazione Fiat. Metalastik. "Sun-Vic" Glass-Sealed Thermostats. [Societa Anonima F.I.A.T., Turin.] [Sun-Vic Controls, Ltd., London.] [Metalastik, Ltd., Leicester.] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology Emerald Publishing

A German LongRange Aeroplane

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology , Volume 10 (1): 1 – Jan 1, 1938

Loading next page...
 
/lp/emerald-publishing/a-german-longrange-aeroplane-Yxv6vOvcMr
Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
0002-2667
DOI
10.1108/eb030264
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AIRCRAF T ENGINEERING 17 January , 1938 Th e 960 Horse-Power Four-Engined Heinkel Mail-Carryin g Machine ERMANY has recently shown signs of following the general trend towards th e adoption of the lour engined arrangement on all but the smaller transport aeroplanes. The Heinkel He-116 is one of the latest examples to be flown. Although a four- engined aeroplane this machine falls into the category of a medium powered type, as it is equipped with Hirth 508-B engines of only 240 h.p . each. Despite this comparatively low power the He-116 carries a crew of four, 1,214 lbs. of mail and enough petrol for a range of 2,800 miles a t a cruising speed of 186 m.p.h. Heinkel monoplanes have long been charac­ terized by their slim fuselages and eliptical icings, and in these respects the He-116 main­ tains the tradition to perfection. The wooden cantilever main plane is built in three sections. The centre section extends through the fuselage and out to the inner PRINCIPA L CHARACTERISTICS additional rigidity at high speeds. The 4-HIRTH 508-B, 240 H R. ENGINES. engine bearers. The outer sections of the wing elevators are fitted with tab trimming and are, . 22 m. (72 ft 0 ms.) Span .. .. .. .. . carry the engine bearers of the outer engines. Length .. .. .. .. . 13·7 m. (45 ft. 0 m) in addition, both aerodynamically and mass Height .. .. .. .. . 3·3 m. (10 ft. 10 ms.) All three sections of the main plane are built . balanced. The Flettner servo system is used Wing Area .. .. .. . 62·9 sq. m. (676 sq. ft.) on two spars and are covered by a stress- on the rudder. Weight Empty.. .. .. . . Pa y Load .. .. .. . 550 kgs. (1,214 lb.) hearing plywood skin. The ailerons arc of the . The four Hirth 508-B inverted-vee aircooled Gross Weigh t . .. .. . 6,930 kgs. (15,280 1b.) inset type and are fitted with trimming tabs. . Maximu m Speed .. .. . 330 km, p.h. (205 m p.h.) engines are carried in nacelles projecting from In Germany the plain camber flap still finds .300 Km.p.h . (186 5 m.p.h.) Cruising Speed .. .. . the leading-edge of the wing. Wooden bladed Climb to 1,000 m. (3,050 ft.). . . 4·5 mms. many adherents and it is this variety of flap Service Ceiling .. .. .. . 4,500 km . (2,800 miles). controllabic-pitch airscrews are standard equip­ which is used on the He-116. ment. The fuel load, 570 gallons, is carried m The stressed-skin fuselage is built on the is completely watertight up to the level of the four tanks in the wing. principle evolved by the Heinkel Flugzeugwerke. cabin doorway. First and second pilots are The retractable undercarriage is of a simple, carried in side-by-side seats in the nose. A number of main duralumin frames, inter­ single-leg-backwardly-retracting type. When Accommodation is provided for both a wireless spersed by light formers and positioned by a retracted the wheels and struts rest in recesses series of longitudinal stringers are covered by a operator and a navigator behind the pilots' in the undersides of the inner engine nacelles, stress-bearing skin of duralumin sheet, Hush- station. Special equipment includes long range the excrescences and gaps being smoothly riveted and with a completely smooth exterior. two-way radio and an inflatable life-raft. faired by hinged aluminium panels. Oleo The cabin arrangements and equipment have The adjustable tail plane is virtually a shock-absorbers are used. Elektron wheels, been designed with special regard for the needs cantilever structure, although the rear spar incorporating low pressure tyres and hydraulic of long range trans-oceanic flights. The fuselage is wire-braced to the (in in order to give it brakes, are fitted. Trad e Publications Received Machine Tool Economy. Hadfield's Special Corrosion Resisting Steels. Course in Aeronautical Engineering. [Samuel Hodge & Sons, Ltd., Rainham.] [Hadfield's, Ltd., Sheffield.] [Loughborough College.] Messier, "Le Specialiste du Train d'Atter- London—Paris—Home—Tunis—Cairo. Single Row Installations. rissagc." [Shell Aviation Department, Cairo.] [Prat t & Whitney Aircraft, East Hartford, [M.A.K.C., London.] U.S.A.] The Welding and Riveting of Aluminium. M.S.E. Machine Tools. [Northern Aluminium Co., Ltd., London.] Visit of the Guests of the Master Cutler to the [Machine Shop Equipment, Ltd., London.] Why Not Weld Electrically? Works of James Neill & Co. (Sheffield), Ltd. Die Casting. [Philip's Industrial, London.] " Sun-Vic " Adjustable Thermostats. Machine Tool Economy. "H.V.S." Hot-Wire Vacuum Switches. [Non-Ferrous Die Casting Co., Ltd., London.] [Samuel Hodge & Sons, Ltd., Rainham.] Hot-Wire Vacuum Switches Type M. I Nuovi Motori d'Aviazione Fiat. Metalastik. "Sun-Vic" Glass-Sealed Thermostats. [Societa Anonima F.I.A.T., Turin.] [Sun-Vic Controls, Ltd., London.] [Metalastik, Ltd., Leicester.]

Journal

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace TechnologyEmerald Publishing

Published: Jan 1, 1938

There are no references for this article.