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A cross‐cultural examination of presenteeism and supervisory support

A cross‐cultural examination of presenteeism and supervisory support Purpose – The aim of this study was two‐fold: first, to examine the noxious effects of presenteeism on employees' work well‐being in a cross‐cultural context involving Chinese and British employees; second, to explore the role of supervisory support as a pan‐cultural stress buffer in the presenteeism process. Design/methodology/approach – Using structured questionnaires, the authors compared data collected from samples of 245 Chinese and 128 British employees working in various organizations and industries. Findings – Cross‐cultural comparison revealed that the act of presenteeism was more prevalent among Chinese and they reported higher levels of strains than their British counterparts. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that presenteeism had noxious effects on exhaustion for both Chinese and British employees. Moreover, supervisory support buffered the negative impact of presenteeism on exhaustion for both Chinese and British employees. Specifically, the negative relation between presenteeism and exhaustion was stronger for those with more supervisory support. Practical implications – Presenteeism may be used as a career‐protecting or career‐promoting tactic. However, the negative effects of this behavior on employees' work well‐being across the culture divide should alert us to re‐think its pros and cons as a career behavior. Employees in certain cultures (e.g. the hardworking Chinese) may exhibit more presenteeism behaviour, thus are in greater risk of ill‐health. Originality/value – This is the first cross‐cultural study demonstrating the universality of the act of presenteeism and its damaging effects on employees' well‐being. The authors' findings of the buffering role of supervisory support across cultural contexts highlight the necessity to incorporate resources in mitigating the harmful impact of presenteeism. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Career Development International Emerald Publishing

A cross‐cultural examination of presenteeism and supervisory support

Career Development International , Volume 18 (5): 17 – Sep 13, 2013

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References (56)

Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1362-0436
DOI
10.1108/CDI-03-2013-0031
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The aim of this study was two‐fold: first, to examine the noxious effects of presenteeism on employees' work well‐being in a cross‐cultural context involving Chinese and British employees; second, to explore the role of supervisory support as a pan‐cultural stress buffer in the presenteeism process. Design/methodology/approach – Using structured questionnaires, the authors compared data collected from samples of 245 Chinese and 128 British employees working in various organizations and industries. Findings – Cross‐cultural comparison revealed that the act of presenteeism was more prevalent among Chinese and they reported higher levels of strains than their British counterparts. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that presenteeism had noxious effects on exhaustion for both Chinese and British employees. Moreover, supervisory support buffered the negative impact of presenteeism on exhaustion for both Chinese and British employees. Specifically, the negative relation between presenteeism and exhaustion was stronger for those with more supervisory support. Practical implications – Presenteeism may be used as a career‐protecting or career‐promoting tactic. However, the negative effects of this behavior on employees' work well‐being across the culture divide should alert us to re‐think its pros and cons as a career behavior. Employees in certain cultures (e.g. the hardworking Chinese) may exhibit more presenteeism behaviour, thus are in greater risk of ill‐health. Originality/value – This is the first cross‐cultural study demonstrating the universality of the act of presenteeism and its damaging effects on employees' well‐being. The authors' findings of the buffering role of supervisory support across cultural contexts highlight the necessity to incorporate resources in mitigating the harmful impact of presenteeism.

Journal

Career Development InternationalEmerald Publishing

Published: Sep 13, 2013

Keywords: Job satisfaction; Cross‐cultural comparison; Exhaustion; Presenteeism; Supervisory support

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