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A comprehensive mathematical framework for bridging a gap between two approaches to creating a meaning‐understanding web

A comprehensive mathematical framework for bridging a gap between two approaches to creating a... Purpose – Since, the middle of the 1990s, UNO has been funding a large‐scale project aimed at designing a family of natural language (NL) processing systems transforming the sentences in various NLs into the expressions of a new language‐intermediary called the Universal Networking Language (UNL) and vice versa. The purpose of the paper is to propose a constructive way of developing a semantic networking language (SNL ) of a new generation and, as a consequence, to bridge a gap between UNL‐based studies and Semantic Web projects. Design/methodology/approach – The methodological basis of the paper is a new theory of designing semantic‐syntactic analyzers of NL texts elaborated by the author of the paper and called the theory of K‐representations (knowledge representations). One of its basic components is a mathematical model describing a system of ten partial operations on conceptual structures and determining a new class of formal languages called restricted standard knowledge languages (RSK‐languages). Findings – It is shown that the expressive possibilities of RSK‐languages surpass the expressive possibilities of UNL from the standpoint of representing the meanings of discourses, compound goals, descriptions of sets, definitions of notions. It is proposed to use the definition of the class of RSK‐languages as a model of a SNL of a new generation in comparison with UNL. Practical implications – It is also proposed to use the definition of RSK‐languages for building semantic annotations of arbitrary web‐documents and web‐services. Originality/value – The paper describes an original approach to representing conceptual structure of NL texts. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics Emerald Publishing

A comprehensive mathematical framework for bridging a gap between two approaches to creating a meaning‐understanding web

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1756-378X
DOI
10.1108/17563780810857176
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – Since, the middle of the 1990s, UNO has been funding a large‐scale project aimed at designing a family of natural language (NL) processing systems transforming the sentences in various NLs into the expressions of a new language‐intermediary called the Universal Networking Language (UNL) and vice versa. The purpose of the paper is to propose a constructive way of developing a semantic networking language (SNL ) of a new generation and, as a consequence, to bridge a gap between UNL‐based studies and Semantic Web projects. Design/methodology/approach – The methodological basis of the paper is a new theory of designing semantic‐syntactic analyzers of NL texts elaborated by the author of the paper and called the theory of K‐representations (knowledge representations). One of its basic components is a mathematical model describing a system of ten partial operations on conceptual structures and determining a new class of formal languages called restricted standard knowledge languages (RSK‐languages). Findings – It is shown that the expressive possibilities of RSK‐languages surpass the expressive possibilities of UNL from the standpoint of representing the meanings of discourses, compound goals, descriptions of sets, definitions of notions. It is proposed to use the definition of the class of RSK‐languages as a model of a SNL of a new generation in comparison with UNL. Practical implications – It is also proposed to use the definition of RSK‐languages for building semantic annotations of arbitrary web‐documents and web‐services. Originality/value – The paper describes an original approach to representing conceptual structure of NL texts.

Journal

International Journal of Intelligent Computing and CyberneticsEmerald Publishing

Published: Mar 28, 2008

Keywords: Text retrieval; Mathematics; Semantics; Networking; Worldwide web; Programming languages

References