Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to test the relative contribution of work environment factors as well as individual difference variables on the degree of work interfering with family (WIF) and other mental health outcomes, namely, emotional exhaustion, life satisfaction, and family interfering with work (FIW). Design/methodology/approach – Self‐report measures of the constructs of interest will be completed by a random sample of 539 health care professionals (Study 1: n =314; Study 2: n =128). In Study 1, it is hypothesized that work environment factors namely, work stressors and a supportive work environment characterized by perceived support from the supervisor, the organization, and co‐workers' supportive behaviors will be positively and negatively associated with WIF, respectively. Findings – Findings document positive links between task‐related stressors and WIF and negative links between perceived support from the organization and WIF. In addition, both task‐related stressors and WIF are positive predictors of emotional exhaustion. In Study 2, the relative impact of two individual difference variables (i.e. time management and global self‐determination) on WIF and other mental health outcomes are examined, above and beyond the impact of the work environment factors. Task‐related stressors remainean important predictor of WIF and global self‐determination accounts for additional variance in this outcome variable. Research limitations/implications – Theoretical and practical implications that may guide future theory and research in this domain are discussed. Originality/value – Findings from both studies provide insight as to potential sources, namely work environment factors and individual difference variables, which may accentuate or mitigate the degree of WIF.
International Journal of Workplace Health Management – Emerald Publishing
Published: Mar 27, 2009
Keywords: Family friendly organizations; Individual psychology; Business environment; Canada