ZSCAN4 is negatively regulated by the ubiquitin-proteasome system and the E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF20

ZSCAN4 is negatively regulated by the ubiquitin-proteasome system and the E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF20 Zscan4 is an early embryonic gene cluster expressed in mouse embryonic stem and induced pluripotent stem cells where it plays critical roles in genomic stability, telomere maintenance, and pluripotency. Zscan4 expression is transient, and characterized by infrequent high expression peaks that are quickly down-regulated, suggesting its expression is tightly controlled. However, little is known about the protein degradation pathway responsible for regulating the human ZSCAN4 protein levels. In this study we determine for the first time the ZSCAN4 protein half-life and degradation pathway, including key factors involved in the process, responsible for the regulation of ZSCAN4 stability. We demonstrate lysine 48 specific polyubiquitination and subsequent proteasome dependent degradation of ZSCAN4, which may explain how this key factor is efficiently cleared from the cells. Importantly, our data indicate an interaction between ZSCAN4 and the E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF20. Moreover, our results show that RNF20 depletion by gene knockdown does not affect ZSCAN4 transcription levels, but instead results in increased ZSCAN4 protein levels. Further, RNF20 depletion stabilizes the ZSCAN4 protein half-life, suggesting that RNF20 negatively regulates ZSCAN4 stability. Due to the significant cellular functions of ZSCAN4, our results have important implications in telomere regulation, stem cell biology, and cancer. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications Elsevier

ZSCAN4 is negatively regulated by the ubiquitin-proteasome system and the E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF20

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/zscan4-is-negatively-regulated-by-the-ubiquitin-proteasome-system-and-v0ItHEkfk0
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 The Authors
ISSN
0006-291x
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.02.155
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Zscan4 is an early embryonic gene cluster expressed in mouse embryonic stem and induced pluripotent stem cells where it plays critical roles in genomic stability, telomere maintenance, and pluripotency. Zscan4 expression is transient, and characterized by infrequent high expression peaks that are quickly down-regulated, suggesting its expression is tightly controlled. However, little is known about the protein degradation pathway responsible for regulating the human ZSCAN4 protein levels. In this study we determine for the first time the ZSCAN4 protein half-life and degradation pathway, including key factors involved in the process, responsible for the regulation of ZSCAN4 stability. We demonstrate lysine 48 specific polyubiquitination and subsequent proteasome dependent degradation of ZSCAN4, which may explain how this key factor is efficiently cleared from the cells. Importantly, our data indicate an interaction between ZSCAN4 and the E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF20. Moreover, our results show that RNF20 depletion by gene knockdown does not affect ZSCAN4 transcription levels, but instead results in increased ZSCAN4 protein levels. Further, RNF20 depletion stabilizes the ZSCAN4 protein half-life, suggesting that RNF20 negatively regulates ZSCAN4 stability. Due to the significant cellular functions of ZSCAN4, our results have important implications in telomere regulation, stem cell biology, and cancer.

Journal

Biochemical and Biophysical Research CommunicationsElsevier

Published: Mar 25, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off