The regulation of aspartate transcarbamylase (ATCase) involves various conformational changes, including a large quaternary structure rearrangement. This is directly related to a major change in its solution X-ray scattering curve upon binding the bisubstrate analogue N -(phosphonacetyl)-l-aspartate (PALA), allowing us to monitor directly the amount of the different quaternary structures present in solution. Data were analysed by singular vector decomposition without any prior assumption as to the number of quaternary structure states. Scattering curves in the presence of variable concentrations of PALA, alone or with saturating CTP or ATP, can be accounted for with only two states. Consequently the method gives the fraction of molecules in either state. Whereas CTP slight decreases the proportion of molecules in the R state, ATP has no detectable effect, whatever the amount of PALA ligated to ATCase. The requirement for only two quaternary structures, suggesting a concerted transition, prompted us to test the ability of the classical model, proposed by Monod, Wyman and Changeux, to account for our data. By and large, it is satisfactory as regards the homotropic effect of PALA and the observed effect of CTP, although it remains incompatible with some other observations, which support the involvement of more indirect mechanisms in the inhibitory properties of CTP. But ATP does not directly influence the T to R transition and consequently must act by a totally different mechanism. f2 f2 Abbreviations used: ATCase, aspartate transcarbamylase (or carbamoyltransferase) from E. coli (EC 18.104.22.168.); PALA, N -phosphonacetyl)-l-aspartate; T, quarternary structure state in the absence of ligand; R, quaternary structure state in the presence of saturating concentrations of PALA or substrates; SVD, singular value decomposition; SAXS, small-angle X-ray scattering; MWC, Monod, Wyman and Changeux; KNF, Koshland, Nemethy and Filmer.
Journal of Molecular Biology – Elsevier
Published: Aug 11, 1995
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