•Standing dead trees serve important ecological functions within forest ecosystems.•Different methods of creating jack pine snags resulted in unique decay patterns.•Subcortical insects most heavily colonized snags that were created through topping.•Snag creation treatment was an important predictor of bird foraging activity.•Snag diameter was an important predictor of cavity presence.
Forest Ecology and Management – Elsevier
Published: Feb 1, 2018
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