Whole-exome sequencing demonstrates recurrent somatic copy number alterations and sporadic mutations in specialized stromal tumors of the prostate

Whole-exome sequencing demonstrates recurrent somatic copy number alterations and sporadic... In a previous array comparative genomic hybridization study, we detected common deletions of chromosomes 13 and 14 in prostatic stromal sarcoma and stromal tumor of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP). In this study, we performed whole-exome sequencing (WES) and fluorescence in situ hybridization to explore somatic mutations in 1 low-grade stromal sarcoma, 1 high-grade stromal sarcoma, and 12 STUMPs including 5 cases of degenerative atypia type, 1 myxoid type, 1 phyllodes type, and 5 cases of recently described round cell type. WES was successful on 13 cases that revealed frequent somatic copy number alterations including losses of chromosomes 13 (11 cases), 14 (11 cases), and 1p (9 cases), and partial or complete loss of chromosome 10 (7 cases). Fluorescence in situ hybridization was done on 9 cases and showed compatible chromosome 13 copy numbers with the WES results. STUMPs and the low-grade stromal sarcoma carried moderate tumor mutation burdens that ranged from 1.23 to 7.24 mutations per megabase, while the high-grade stromal sarcoma harbored a significantly higher mutation burden (11.55 mutations per megabase). Sporadic somatic mutations were observed, but no recurrent driver mutations could be discerned. In conjunction with prior array comparative genomic hybridization, we have demonstrated the consistent gene dosage profiles that support the clonal nature and the concept of specialized stromal tumors of the prostate as a distinctive tumor entity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Human Pathology Elsevier

Whole-exome sequencing demonstrates recurrent somatic copy number alterations and sporadic mutations in specialized stromal tumors of the prostate

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0046-8177
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.humpath.2017.12.004
Publisher site
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Abstract

In a previous array comparative genomic hybridization study, we detected common deletions of chromosomes 13 and 14 in prostatic stromal sarcoma and stromal tumor of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP). In this study, we performed whole-exome sequencing (WES) and fluorescence in situ hybridization to explore somatic mutations in 1 low-grade stromal sarcoma, 1 high-grade stromal sarcoma, and 12 STUMPs including 5 cases of degenerative atypia type, 1 myxoid type, 1 phyllodes type, and 5 cases of recently described round cell type. WES was successful on 13 cases that revealed frequent somatic copy number alterations including losses of chromosomes 13 (11 cases), 14 (11 cases), and 1p (9 cases), and partial or complete loss of chromosome 10 (7 cases). Fluorescence in situ hybridization was done on 9 cases and showed compatible chromosome 13 copy numbers with the WES results. STUMPs and the low-grade stromal sarcoma carried moderate tumor mutation burdens that ranged from 1.23 to 7.24 mutations per megabase, while the high-grade stromal sarcoma harbored a significantly higher mutation burden (11.55 mutations per megabase). Sporadic somatic mutations were observed, but no recurrent driver mutations could be discerned. In conjunction with prior array comparative genomic hybridization, we have demonstrated the consistent gene dosage profiles that support the clonal nature and the concept of specialized stromal tumors of the prostate as a distinctive tumor entity.

Journal

Human PathologyElsevier

Published: Jun 1, 2018

References

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