We have presented a simple and efficient method for producing dense particle monolayers with controlled surface coverage. The method is based on particle sedimentation, manipulation of the particle–substrate electrostatic interaction, and gentle mechanical vibration of the system. It allows for obtaining quasi-hexagonal structures under wet conditions. Using this method, we have produced a monolayer of 3μm silica particles on a glassy carbon substrate. By optical microscopy, we have determined the coordinates of the particles and surface coverage of the obtained structure to be 0.82. We have characterized the monolayer structure by means of the pair-correlation function and power spectrum. We have also compared the results with those for a 2D hexagonal monolayer and monolayer generated by random sequential adsorption at the coverage 0.50. We have found the surface fractal dimension to be 2.5, independently of the monolayer surface coverage.
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science – Elsevier
Published: Jan 1, 2016
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