Waste water treatment plants as sources of polyfluorinated compounds, polybrominated diphenyl ethers and musk fragrances to ambient air

Waste water treatment plants as sources of polyfluorinated compounds, polybrominated diphenyl... To investigate waste water treatment plants (WWTPs) as sources of polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and synthetic musk fragrances to the atmosphere, air samples were simultaneously taken at two WWTPs and two reference sites using high volume samplers. Contaminants were accumulated on glass fiber filters and PUF/XAD-2/PUF cartridges, extracted compound-dependent by MTBE/acetone, methanol, or hexane/acetone and detected by GC-MS or HPLC-MS/MS. Total (gasparticle phase) concentrations ranged from 97 to 1004pgm3 (neutral PFCs), <MQL to 13pgm3 (ionic PFCs), 5781 to 482,163pgm3 (musk fragrances) and <1 to 27pgm3 (PBDEs) and were usually higher at WWTPs than at corresponding reference sites, revealing that WWTPs can be regarded as sources of musk fragrances, PFCs and probably PBDEs to the atmosphere. Different concentrations at the two WWTPs indicated an influence of WWTP size or waste water origin on emitted contaminant amounts. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Pollution Elsevier

Waste water treatment plants as sources of polyfluorinated compounds, polybrominated diphenyl ethers and musk fragrances to ambient air

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0269-7491
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.envpol.2010.09.023
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

To investigate waste water treatment plants (WWTPs) as sources of polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and synthetic musk fragrances to the atmosphere, air samples were simultaneously taken at two WWTPs and two reference sites using high volume samplers. Contaminants were accumulated on glass fiber filters and PUF/XAD-2/PUF cartridges, extracted compound-dependent by MTBE/acetone, methanol, or hexane/acetone and detected by GC-MS or HPLC-MS/MS. Total (gasparticle phase) concentrations ranged from 97 to 1004pgm3 (neutral PFCs), <MQL to 13pgm3 (ionic PFCs), 5781 to 482,163pgm3 (musk fragrances) and <1 to 27pgm3 (PBDEs) and were usually higher at WWTPs than at corresponding reference sites, revealing that WWTPs can be regarded as sources of musk fragrances, PFCs and probably PBDEs to the atmosphere. Different concentrations at the two WWTPs indicated an influence of WWTP size or waste water origin on emitted contaminant amounts.

Journal

Environmental PollutionElsevier

Published: Jan 1, 2011

References

  • Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDES) at a solid waste incineration plant I: atmospheric concentrations
    Agrell, C.; Ter Schure, A.F.H.; Sveder, J.; Bokenstrand, A.; Larsson, P.; Zegers, B.N.
  • Polyfluorinated compounds in waste water treatment plant effluents and surface waters along the River Elbe, Germany
    Ahrens, L.; Felizeter, S.; Sturm, R.; Xie, Z.; Ebinghaus, R.
  • Analysis of per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances in air samples from Northwest Europe
    Barber, J.L.; Berger, U.; Chaemfa, C.; Huber, S.; Jahnke, A.; Temme, C.; Jones, K.C.
  • Perfluoroalkyl compounds in Danish wastewater treatment plants and aquatic environments
    Bossi, R.; Strand, J.; Sortkjaer, O.; Larsen, M.M.
  • Pollution characterization and diurnal variation of PBDEs in the atmosphere of an E-waste dismantling region
    Chen, D.; Bi, X.; Zhao, J.; Chen, L.; Tan, J.; Mai, B.; Sheng, G.; Fu, J.; Wong, M.
  • Occurrence of phthalates and musk fragrances in indoor air and dust from apartments and kindergartens in Berlin (Germany)
    Fromme, H.; Lahrz, T.; Piloty, M.; Gebhart, H.; Oddoy, A.; Rueden, H.
  • Airborne perfluorooctanoate may be a substantial source contamination in Kyoto area, Japan
    Harada, K.; Nakanishi, S.; Saito, N.; Tsutsui, T.; Koizumi, A.
  • Synthetic musk fragrances in urban and rural air of Iowa and the Great Lakes
    Peck, A.; Hornbuckle, K.
  • Seasonal trends in vegetation and atmospheric concentrations of PAHs and PBDEs near a sanitary landfill
    St-Amand, A.; Mayer, P.; Blais, J.

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