Velocity and flow resistance in step-pool streams

Velocity and flow resistance in step-pool streams Flow resistance in steep streams with step-pool morphology consists of form drag as well as skin friction. It therefore alters rapidly as discharge increases and is not expected to show constant Manning's n or simple log law behaviour, but there is no widely accepted alternative representation. We report measurements of at-a-station hydraulic geometry, n , and (1/ f ) 0.5 for a range of discharges at each of six field sites and in flume experiments loosely Froude-scaled to the prototypes. Velocity and resistance vary strongly with discharge in all cases. The flume data extend to formative flows, and when rescaled extend the range of the field data, but plot in line with them. This suggests a single resistance law can describe the full range from trickle to formative flow. Equations based on the log law with k s ∝step D 84 perform unexpectedly well, especially when allowance is made for flow blocking and/or the k s / D 84 multiplier is optimised separately for each site. The latter suggests step D 84 is not a good summary representation of effective roughness, but none of a variety of alternative grain-size and microtopographic measures performed much better. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Geomorphology Elsevier

Velocity and flow resistance in step-pool streams

Geomorphology, Volume 46 (1) – Jul 1, 2002

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V.
ISSN
0169-555X
eISSN
1872-695X
DOI
10.1016/S0169-555X(02)00054-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Flow resistance in steep streams with step-pool morphology consists of form drag as well as skin friction. It therefore alters rapidly as discharge increases and is not expected to show constant Manning's n or simple log law behaviour, but there is no widely accepted alternative representation. We report measurements of at-a-station hydraulic geometry, n , and (1/ f ) 0.5 for a range of discharges at each of six field sites and in flume experiments loosely Froude-scaled to the prototypes. Velocity and resistance vary strongly with discharge in all cases. The flume data extend to formative flows, and when rescaled extend the range of the field data, but plot in line with them. This suggests a single resistance law can describe the full range from trickle to formative flow. Equations based on the log law with k s ∝step D 84 perform unexpectedly well, especially when allowance is made for flow blocking and/or the k s / D 84 multiplier is optimised separately for each site. The latter suggests step D 84 is not a good summary representation of effective roughness, but none of a variety of alternative grain-size and microtopographic measures performed much better.

Journal

GeomorphologyElsevier

Published: Jul 1, 2002

References

  • Palaeovelocity: a parsimonious proposal
    Church, M.; Wolcott, J.; Maizels, J.
  • Velocity distribution and bed roughness in high-gradient streams
    Wiberg, P.L.; Smith, J.D.

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