Valorization of automotive shredder residue in building materials

Valorization of automotive shredder residue in building materials Every year in EU nations, it is estimated that 3 million tonnes of automotive shredder residue (ASR) are generated. Half of the ASR is composed of rubber, textiles and plastics, which can be either transformed into alternative fuel or recycled. The second half, which is landfilled, is incombustible and has not yet been valorized. This waste contains 30% organic matter, as well as inorganic compounds such as quartz, calcite, magnetite, hematite, and anhydrite. It is also very rich in zinc (1–3.5%) and lead (0.7–3.3%). These elements are powerful retarders of ordinary Portland cement. For this reason, two ways of processing of this waste have been investigated: (1) transformation into aggregates after a thermal treatment followed by a chemical treatment or (2) directly into concrete with the use of calcium sulfoaluminate cement. This second way is especially very interesting for engineers and scientists. As established by leaching tests, zinc and lead are integrated and fixed in the structure of ettringite, the main hydration product of calcium sulfoaluminate cement. Therefore, it is possible to produce concrete for some applications including road construction from this currently landfilled “waste” (i.e., the ASR is shown to be useful recyclable material that can be converted into an environmentally friendly “green” concrete). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cement and Concrete Research elsevier

Valorization of automotive shredder residue in building materials

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN
0008-8846
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.cemconres.2003.09.004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Every year in EU nations, it is estimated that 3 million tonnes of automotive shredder residue (ASR) are generated. Half of the ASR is composed of rubber, textiles and plastics, which can be either transformed into alternative fuel or recycled. The second half, which is landfilled, is incombustible and has not yet been valorized. This waste contains 30% organic matter, as well as inorganic compounds such as quartz, calcite, magnetite, hematite, and anhydrite. It is also very rich in zinc (1–3.5%) and lead (0.7–3.3%). These elements are powerful retarders of ordinary Portland cement. For this reason, two ways of processing of this waste have been investigated: (1) transformation into aggregates after a thermal treatment followed by a chemical treatment or (2) directly into concrete with the use of calcium sulfoaluminate cement. This second way is especially very interesting for engineers and scientists. As established by leaching tests, zinc and lead are integrated and fixed in the structure of ettringite, the main hydration product of calcium sulfoaluminate cement. Therefore, it is possible to produce concrete for some applications including road construction from this currently landfilled “waste” (i.e., the ASR is shown to be useful recyclable material that can be converted into an environmentally friendly “green” concrete).

Journal

Cement and Concrete Researchelsevier

Published: Apr 1, 2004

References

  • Matrix stability and leaching behaviour in ettringite-based stabilization systems doped with heavy metals
    Berardi, R.; Cioffo, R.; Santoro, L.

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