There are few data on the utility of physician selection of cardiac tests, including no-test, in a chest pain unit (CPU) to rule out acute coronary syndrome in low-risk patients without a history of coronary artery disease. We analyzed consecutive low-risk patients admitted to our CPU between 2012 and 2014 and determined the proportion of patients selected for testing, the type of initial cardiac test selected, and the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) at 30 days and 6 months. The study group comprised 619 patients: mean age 57 years (27 to 92), 332 women (54%), and 360 (58%) with multiple cardiac risk factors. Cardiac testing included 283 no-test (46%); 179 exercise treadmill (29%); 113 myocardial perfusion stress scintigraphy (18%); <10% each for exercise stress echocardiography and coronary angiography. Testing was negative in 296 (88%), nondiagnostic in 30 (9%), and positive in 10 patients (3%). There were no MACEs at 30 days in any patients, and at 6 months, MACEs were 5 (1.1%). Length of stay was less in no-test than in tested patients (5.4 hours vs 9.8 hours, p <0.0001), and there was no difference in incidence of MACE at 6 months in no-test vs tested patients (2 MACEs vs 3 MACEs). Physician selection of cardiac tests, including no-test, promptly identified patients at low risk of acute coronary syndrome who could be safely and rapidly discharged from the CPU. Exclusion of cardiac testing shortened length of stay and was not associated with increase in MACE at 6 months.
The American Journal of Cardiology – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera