The rapid growth in nanotechnology and biotechnology offers a wealth of opportunities for the combination of natural enzymes with different kinds of nanomaterial. Here, we highlight recent advances in constructing nanomaterial-incorporated enzymes that integrate the specific recognition and biocatalytic properties of enzymes with the attractive electronic, optical, magnetic, and catalytic properties of nanomaterials. These composite materials have some extra features that are not possessed by the enzymes themselves, such as electron transfer mediated by nanoparticles, enzyme delivery, remote activation and/or deactivation of enzymatic activity, and fabrication of catalytic entities with complementary functions. Additionally, we describe briefly the current challenges and future development of unique enzyme–nanomaterial hybrid systems. We hope that this review will help to accelerate further progress in this promising field.
Trends in Biotechnology – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2016
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