Understanding the energy metabolism of World economies through the joint use of Production- and Consumption-based energy accountings

Understanding the energy metabolism of World economies through the joint use of Production- and... •Production- and Consumption-based energy accounting methods (PBA and CBA) are reviewed.•A methodological way for the joint use PBA and CBA methods is discussed and formalized.•Both PBA and CBA are adopted to identify energy efficiency hotspots in South Africa region.•The energy metabolism of national economies can be represented through a unique Sankey diagram. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Energy Elsevier

Understanding the energy metabolism of World economies through the joint use of Production- and Consumption-based energy accountings

Understanding the energy metabolism of World economies through the joint use of Production- and Consumption-based energy accountings

Applied Energy 211 (2018) 590–603 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Applied Energy journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/apenergy Understanding the energy metabolism of World economies through the joint use of Production- and Consumption-based energy accountings Matteo V. Rocco , Rafael J. Forcada Ferrer, Emanuela Colombo Politecnico di Milano, Department of Energy, via Lambruschini 4, 20156 Milan, Italy HIGHLIGHTS Production- and Consumption-based energy accounting methods (PBA and CBA) are reviewed. A methodological way for the joint use PBA and CBA methods is discussed and formalized. Both PBA and CBA are adopted to identify energy efficiency hotspots in South Africa region. The energy metabolism of national economies can be represented through a unique Sankey diagram. ARTICLE I NFO ABSTRACT Keywords: Understanding the energy metabolism of national economies is nowadays crucial for policymakers in order to Production-based accountings define effective policies and to properly set energy efficiency targets. Energy accountings based on the tradi- Consumption-based accountings tional Production-based accounting method (PBA) allows to understand how primary energy is directly ex- Multi-Regional Input-Output analysis tracted, traded, transformed and used within each economy. On the other hand, Consumption-based accounting Energy efficiency method (CBA) allows to understand the ultimate economic purposes of such energy flows. The information EORA provided by the joint application of these approaches may provide useful and complementary insight on the South Africa national energy metabolism, allowing to identify hotspots for potential interventions from both the supply and demand side. This paper reviews PBA and CBA energy accounting methods, presenting a possible way for the joint use of their results, consistently represented by means of one unique Sankey diagram. This will be useful to have a comprehensive insight on the energy metabolism of...
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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0306-2619
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.10.090
Publisher site
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Abstract

•Production- and Consumption-based energy accounting methods (PBA and CBA) are reviewed.•A methodological way for the joint use PBA and CBA methods is discussed and formalized.•Both PBA and CBA are adopted to identify energy efficiency hotspots in South Africa region.•The energy metabolism of national economies can be represented through a unique Sankey diagram.

Journal

Applied EnergyElsevier

Published: Feb 1, 2018

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