Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) was detected in the extracellular matrix of neuronal cells using a dual probe immunosensor (DPI), where one of them was used as a working and another bioconjugate loading probe. The working probe was fabricated by covalently immobilizing capture anti-BDNF (Cap Ab) on the gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)/conducting polymer composite layer. The bioconjugate probe was modified by drop casting a bioconjugate particles composed of conducting polymer self-assembled AuNPs, immobilized with detection anti-BDNF (Det Ab) and toluidine blue O (TBO). Each sensor layer was characterized using the surface analysis and electrochemical methods. Two modified probes were precisely faced each other to form a microfluidic channel structure and the gap between inside modified surfaces was about 19 µm. At optimized conditions, the DPI showed a linear dynamic range from 4.0 to 600.0 pg/ml with a detection limit of 1.5 ± 0.012 pg/ml. Interference effect of IgG, arginine, glutamine, serine, albumin, and fibrinogene were examined and stability of the developed biosensor was also investigated. The reliability of the DPI sensor was evaluated by monitoring the extracellular release of BDNF using exogenic activators (ethanol, K+, and nicotine) in neuronal and non-neuronal cells. In addition, the effect of nicotine onto neuroblastoma cancer cells (SH-SY5Y) was studied in detail.
Biosensors and Bioelectronics – Elsevier
Published: Sep 30, 2018
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