Ultrahigh-capacity and fast-rate removal of graphene oxide by calcined MgAl layered double hydroxide

Ultrahigh-capacity and fast-rate removal of graphene oxide by calcined MgAl layered double hydroxide Graphene oxide (GO) as an important derivative of graphene is potential toxic to cells and animals. In this study, MgAl-mixed metal oxide (MgAl-MMO) prepared by one-step calcination of MgAl-layered double hydroxide (MgAl-LDH) at 500°C was employed to remove GO from aqueous solution. The effect of contact time, sorbent dosage, initial GO solution pH and co-existing anions on the removal capacity of MgAl-MMO composite was investigated in detail. The results showed that the sorbent dosage and the initial solution pH had significant effect on the adsorption process. MgAl-LDH composite exhibited ultrahigh GO adsorption capacity (984.2mg/g at pH=2) with low dosage (25mg/L) and fast GO-eliminating rate (within 5h). MgAl-MMO composite could be recycled by simply calcining the rehydrated production and reused for 5 times without significant loss of the removal capacity. This adsorption process could be well fitted by the pseudo-second-order model. The mechanism study further showed that the excellent removal performance of MgAl-MMO composite came from the memory effect of calcined LDH and pH-induced aggregation of GO. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Clay Science Elsevier

Ultrahigh-capacity and fast-rate removal of graphene oxide by calcined MgAl layered double hydroxide

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0169-1317
eISSN
1872-9053
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.clay.2018.01.018
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Graphene oxide (GO) as an important derivative of graphene is potential toxic to cells and animals. In this study, MgAl-mixed metal oxide (MgAl-MMO) prepared by one-step calcination of MgAl-layered double hydroxide (MgAl-LDH) at 500°C was employed to remove GO from aqueous solution. The effect of contact time, sorbent dosage, initial GO solution pH and co-existing anions on the removal capacity of MgAl-MMO composite was investigated in detail. The results showed that the sorbent dosage and the initial solution pH had significant effect on the adsorption process. MgAl-LDH composite exhibited ultrahigh GO adsorption capacity (984.2mg/g at pH=2) with low dosage (25mg/L) and fast GO-eliminating rate (within 5h). MgAl-MMO composite could be recycled by simply calcining the rehydrated production and reused for 5 times without significant loss of the removal capacity. This adsorption process could be well fitted by the pseudo-second-order model. The mechanism study further showed that the excellent removal performance of MgAl-MMO composite came from the memory effect of calcined LDH and pH-induced aggregation of GO.

Journal

Applied Clay ScienceElsevier

Published: May 1, 2018

References

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