1 Introduction</h5> Water management at a landfill is critical to operations as well as the protection of human health and the environment. Historically, landfills have been the primary form of waste management throughout the world and in many locations, this is still the case. For example, in the United States of America (USA), of the 250 million tons of waste produced in 2010, 136 million tons (54.2%) went to landfills. While this number has been on the decline (from 89% in 1980), historical landfills need management and landfills will likely remain a disposal option into the future (US EPA, 2011). Landfill leachate is liquid that emanates from the landfill system either produced by the waste within the system or occurring from infiltration, e.g., groundwater or rainfall. Leachate must be collected and managed per most regulations throughout the world. USA regulations require leachate to be collected protecting the groundwater beneath the landfill ( CFR, 2012 ). Landfill leachate, as a wastewater, must be managed during the life of the landfill, as well as 30 years after closure of the landfill ( CFR, 2012 ). Organic matter exhibited by biological oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) are typical
Bioresource Technology – Elsevier
Published: Jul 1, 2013
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